Completed by Yusuf I (13331353) and Muhammed V, Sultan of Granada (13531391), the Alhambra is a reflection of the culture of the last centuries of the Moorish rule of Al Andalus.
Recorded settlement has conventionally been dated back to 874, although archaeological evidence indicates Gaelic monks from Ireland had settled Iceland before that date.
Over the centuries, the University of Al-Karaouine became a key spiritual and educational center in the Muslim world.
The ruined city is one of today’s great archaeological enigmas and is sometimes called “Atlantis,” the “eighth wonder of the world,” or the “Venice of the Pacific”.
Bukhoro became one of the leading centers of learning, culture, and art in the Muslim world, its magnificence rivaling contemporaneous cultural centers such as Baghdad, Cairo, and Cordoba.
The Kingdom of Pagan was the first kingdom to unify the regions that would later constitute modern-day Myanmar.
Experimenting with life-lengthening elixirs around A.D. 850, Chinese alchemists instead discovered gunpowder.
In China, pyrotechnicians were respected for their knowledge of complex techniques in mounting firework displays. Chinese people originally believed that the fireworks could expel evil spirits and bring about luck and happiness.
Borobudur is a 9th-century Mahayana Buddhist temple in Central Java, Indonesia. It is the world’s largest Buddhist temple.
Translated into Latin by Robert of Chester in 1145, it was used until the sixteenth century as the principal mathematical text-book of European universities. It also introduced the term “algebra” to European languages.