The Dorset was a Paleo-Eskimo culture, lasting from 500 BCE to between 1000 and 1500CE, that followed the Pre-Dorset and preceded the Inuit in the Arctic of North America. It is named after Cape Dorset in Nunavut, Canada, where the first evidence of its existence was found.
The Medes were an ancient Iranian people[N 2] who spoke the Median language and who inhabited an area known as Media between western and northern Iran.
Homer is the earliest poet in Western culture whose works have survived intact.
In the first millennium BC, Iranian nomads established irrigation systems along the rivers of Central Asia and built towns at Bukhara and Samarqand.
The Thamūd is an ancient civilization in the Hejaz known from the 8th century BCE to near the time of Muhammad.
The Saka were a group of nomadic Iranian peoples who historically inhabited the northern and eastern Eurasian Steppe and the Tarim Basin. The Saka are attested in historical and archaeological records dating to around the 8th century BC.
Originally a small town on the banks of the Tiber, Rome grew in size and strength, early on, through trade.
They continued for nearly 12 centuries, until Emperor Theodosius decreed in 393 A.D. that all such “pagan cults” be banned.