The majority of Cucuteni–Trypillia settlements consisted of high-density, small settlements, concentrated mainly in the Siret, Prut and Dniester river valleys.
The first known permanent settlement of the area began with the Linear Pottery Culture, around 5000 BC in the Neolithic era. About 200 BC, the Celtic Boii tribe founded the first significant settlement, a fortified town known as an oppidum.
Beer is one of the oldest beverages humans have produced, dating back to at least the 5th millenium BC in Iran, and recorded in the written history of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia and was spread throughout world.
The aulos was a musical wind instrument played by the ancient Greeks. Made from cane, boxwood, bone, ivory, or occasionally metals the circular pipe (bombyke) was fitted with bulbous mouth pieces which gave the instrument a different pitch.
Writers on ayahuasca have often proposed that the use of the drink is very ancient; the date of about 5000 years BP recurs frequently.
The Berbers have occupied North Africa, specifically the Maghreb, since the beginning of recorded history and until the Islamic conquests of the 8th century CE constituted the dominant ethnic group in the Saharan region.
In the Indus Valley, archaeologists discovered evidence of meditation in wall art dating from approximately 5,000 to 3,500 BCE.
The ancient Roman historian Pliny suggested that Phoenician merchants had made the first glass in the region of Syria around 5000 BC. But according to the archaeological evidence, the first man made glass was in Eastern Mesopotamia and Egypt around 3500 BC.
Wooden oars, with canoe-shaped pottery, dating from 50004500 BC have been discovered in a Hemudu culture site at Yuyao, Zhejiang, in modern China.
Scientists believe that apples were first domesticated in the Tian Shan region of southern Kazakhstan. In fact, by as early as 2000 BC, domesticated apples were being grafted in the Near East.