Before 10th Millennia B.C.E.

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Humans in Fertile Crescent domesticate first wheats

The origins of our modern wheat, according to genetics and archaeological studies, are found in the Karacadag mountain region of what is today southeastern Turkey–wheat makes up two of the classic eight founder crops of the origins of agriculture.

Wheat

Humans invent agriculture

Taking root around 12,000 years ago, agriculture triggered such a change in society and the way in which people lived that its development has been dubbed the €œNeolithic Revolution.€

Settlements in Iran

The first settlements in Mesopotamia begin form

Archaeological excavations starting in the 1840s CE have revealed human settlements dating to 10,000 BCE in Mesopotamia that indicate that the fertile conditions of the land between two rivers allowed an ancient hunter-gatherer people to settle in the land, domesticate animals, and turn their attention to agriculture.

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The Anyathian culture emerges in modern-day Myanmar

The earliest archaeological evidence suggests that cultures existed in Burma as early as 11,000 BCE. The Anyathian, Burma’s Stone Age, existed at a time thought to parallel the lower and middle Paleolithic in Europe.

Sheep

Humans domesticate the sheep

The history of the domesticated sheep goes back to between 11000 and 9000 BC, and the domestication of the wild mouflon in ancient Mesopotamia.

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