9th Century C.E.

Black sand beach, Iceland

Vikings discover Iceland

Recorded settlement has conventionally been dated back to 874, although archaeological evidence indicates Gaelic monks from Ireland had settled Iceland before that date.

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The ancient Chinese of the Tang Dynasty invent fireworks

In China, pyrotechnicians were respected for their knowledge of complex techniques in mounting firework displays. Chinese people originally believed that the fireworks could expel evil spirits and bring about luck and happiness.

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