Beer is one of the oldest beverages humans have produced, dating back to at least the 5th millenium BC in Iran, and recorded in the written history of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia and was spread throughout world.
The aulos was a musical wind instrument played by the ancient Greeks. Made from cane, boxwood, bone, ivory, or occasionally metals the circular pipe (bombyke) was fitted with bulbous mouth pieces which gave the instrument a different pitch.
The first known permanent settlement of the area began with the Linear Pottery Culture, around 5000 BC in the Neolithic era. About 200 BC, the Celtic Boii tribe founded the first significant settlement, a fortified town known as an oppidum.
The ancient Roman historian Pliny suggested that Phoenician merchants had made the first glass in the region of Syria around 5000 BC. But according to the archaeological evidence, the first man made glass was in Eastern Mesopotamia and Egypt around 3500 BC.
The Berbers have occupied North Africa, specifically the Maghreb, since the beginning of recorded history and until the Islamic conquests of the 8th century CE constituted the dominant ethnic group in the Saharan region.