5th Century B.C.E.

Dipavamsa@ x

Early Sri Lankans compile the Dipavamsa

The Dipavamsa is the oldest historical record of Sri Lanka. Together with the Mahavamsa, it is the source of many accounts of ancient history of Sri Lanka and India.

Taoist art

Laozi writes the Tao Te Ching

The mysterious Laozi’s ancient wisdom may be hard to translate, but the meaning is clear €“ learning to be self-aware could improve modern life

Greek columns

Sophocles completes the Oedipus trilogy of tragic plays

Sophocles of Kolōnos (c. 496 – c. 406 BCE) was one of the most famous and celebrated writers of tragedy plays in ancient Greece and his surviving works, written throughout the 5th century BCE, include such classics as Oedipus the KingAntigone, and Women of Trachis.

Nanda Empire map

The Nanda Empire comes to power in modern-day India and Bangladesh

The Nanda dynasty ruled in northern part of the Indian subcontinent during the 4th century BCE, and possibly during the 5th century BCE. The Nandas overthrew the Shaishunaga dynasty in the Magadha region of eastern India, and expanded their empire to include a larger part of northern India.

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