The Hafit period defines early Bronze Age human settlement in the United Arab Emirates and Oman in the period from 3200 to 2600 BC. It is named after the distinctive beehive burials first found on Jebel Hafit, an outlier of Al Hajar Mountains.
The Indus Valley Civilisation was a Bronze Age civilisation in South Asia, lasting from 3300 BCE to 1300 BCE. Along with ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia it was one of three early civilisations of West- and South Asia.
The clearest evidence of early use of the horse as a means of transport is from chariot burials dated c. 2000 BCE. However, an increasing amount of evidence supports the hypothesis that horses were domesticated in the Eurasian Steppes approximately 3500 BCE.
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