4th Century C.E.

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Humans first settle the island of Madagascar

Archaeologists have estimated that the earliest settlers arrived from the Malay Archipelago between 250 BC and 550 AD, making Madagascar one of the last major landmasses on Earth to be settled by humans.

Naturales

Barangay city-states thrive in modern-day Philippines

Some barangays were well-organized independent villages, consisting of thirty to a hundred households. Other barangays – most notably those in Maynila, Tondo, Panay, Pangasinan, Cebu, Bohol, Butuan, Cotabato, and Sulu – were integrated into large cosmopolitan polities.