1990s C.E.

Macau at night

Portugal cedes control of Macau to China, ending European colonization of Asia

Although offered control of Macau as early as the 1960s, the Chinese deemed the time “not yet ripe” and preferred to wait until December 1999 — the very end of the millennium, two years after the Hong Kong handover—to close this chapter of history. Upon the handover of Macau European colonization of Asia ended.

Olusegun Obasanjo

Democracy emerges in Nigeria after 16 years of military rule

On 29 May 1999, Abubakar transferred power to the winner of the 1999 presidential election, former military ruler General Olusegun Obasanjo as the second democratically elected civilian President of Nigeria heralding the beginning of the Fourth Nigerian Republic.

element digital T CXBZLUvic unsplash

Seychelles transition to democratic system

July 23–26, 1993 saw the first multiparty presidential and legislative elections held under the new constitution, as well as a resounding victory for President René.

Kazakhstan's flag

Kazakhstan declares independence from the Soviet Union

Following the August 1991 aborted coup attempt in Moscow, Kazakhstan declared independence on 16 December 1991, thus becoming the last Soviet republic to declare independence. Ten days later, the Soviet Union itself ceased to exist.

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