14th Century C.E.

Kingdom of Kongo flag

The Kingdom of Kongo comes to power in modern-day Angola

The Kingdom of Kongo was a kingdom located in central Africa in present-day northern Angola, the western portion of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Republic of the Congo as well as the southernmost part of Gabon. From c. 1390 to 1859 it was mostly an independent state.

Silhouettes of people in Zambia

The Tonga people settle in modern-day Zambia

In the 12th century, waves of Bantu-speaking immigrants arrived during the Bantu expansion. Among them, the Tonga people (also called Ba-Tonga, “Ba-” meaning “men”) were the first to settle in Zambia and are believed to have come from the east near the “big sea”.

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