13th Century C.E.

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The Ottoman Empire begins in modern-day Turkey

During the 16th and 17th centuries, at the height of its power under the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent, the Ottoman Empire was a multinational, multilingual empire controlling most of Southeast Europe, parts of Central Europe, Western Asia, parts of Eastern Europe and the Caucasus, North Africa, and the Horn of Africa.

px Reconstruction of Taino village Cuba

The Taíno people settle Cuba

At the time of European contact in the late fifteenth century, the Taíno were the principal inhabitants of most of Cuba.

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Mariche culture thrives in modern-day Venezuela

Mariche is the name of a former native Venezuelan tribe. Not much information from them as a tribe has survived to the present day. One of their more celebrated chiefs was Tamanaco who led them in the fight against the Spanish conquistadors during the 1560s and 1570s.

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Construction begins at Westminster Abbey

Westminster Abbey is a large, mainly Gothic abbey church in London. It is one of the United Kingdom’s most notable religious buildings and the traditional place of coronation and burial site for monarchs.

An unknown author completes Færeyinga Saga

The Færeyinga Saga, the saga of the Faroe Islands, is the story of how the Faroe Islanders were converted to Christianity and became a part of Norway. It was written in Iceland shortly after 1200. 

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