11th Century C.E.

px Windsorguildhall

Merchant guilds begin to form across Europe

The earliest types of guild formed as a confraternities of tradesmen. They were organized in a manner something between a professional association, a trade union, a cartel, and a secret society.

px Inuit Kleidung

Inuit culture emerges in the Arctic

The Inuit are a group of culturally similar indigenous peoples inhabiting Inuit Nunangat, the regions of Greenland, Canada, and Alaska

五贯宝卷

Bi Sheng of China's Song Dynasty invents movable type

The world’s first movable type printing press technology for printing paper books was made of porcelain materials and was invented around AD 1040 in China during the Northern Song Dynasty by the inventor Bi Sheng (990€“1051).

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