Trade

Transcaucasus Railway

The Transcaucasus Railway is completed

The Transcaucasus Railway was the first railway in South Caucasus. It was funded by the Russian Empire as a strategic railway connecting the Black Sea to the Caspian Sea.

Macau and its position in Portuguese and Spanish global trade routes

Macau enters its golden age of trade

Macau’s golden age coincided with the union of the Spanish and Portuguese crowns, between 1580 and 1640. King Philip II of Spain was encouraged to not harm the status quo, to allow trade to continue between Portuguese Macau and Spanish Manila, and to not interfere with Portuguese trade with China.

Helsinki

King Gustav I of Sweden founds Helsinki

Helsinki was established as a trading town by King Gustav I of Sweden in 1550 as the town of Helsingfors, which he intended to be a rival to the Hanseatic city of Reval (today known as Tallinn). It is now the capital and most populous city of Finland.

Change milestones from around the world

Good news for climate, justice, democracy, and more