Flag of Empire of Brazil

Bahia gains independence, ending Portuguese rule in Brazil

The state was the last area of the country to join the Empire of Brazil, as members in the local elite remained loyal to the Portuguese crown after the rest of the country proclaimed independence under Pedro I on 7 September 1822.

Congress of Chilpancingo painting

Chilpancingo congress declares Mexico independent of Spain

On November 6, the deputies to the Congress signed the first legal document, known as the Acta Solemne de la Declaración de Independencia de la América Septentrional, in which the separation of the New Spain with respect to the Spanish rule is proclaimed.

Change milestones from around the world

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