Timeline of Human Genius

This Timeline catalogs moments of genius, accomplishment, and evolution from throughout humanity’s history – from the first fires of humanity to today’s good news. Updated every week!

Use the filters below to filter entries by country, topic, era, and more.

MilestoneYearCountriesTopicsera_hfiltercountry_hfiltertopic_hfilter
Humanity create fire for first time, kindling a new era of possibility
Humanity create fire for first time, kindling a new era of possibility~250,000 B.C.E. ???prehistory-250000-10000-b-c-e
Humans begin to use spears with complex stone blades
Humans begin to use spears with complex stone blades~200,000 B.C.E. ???Technologyprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-etechnology
Y-chromosonal Adam, the most recent common ancestor of all men, is born
Y-chromosonal Adam, the most recent common ancestor of all men, is born~200,000 B.C.E. ???prehistory-250000-10000-b-c-e
Humans invent clothing
Humans invent clothing~170,000 B.C.E. ???Technologyprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-etechnology
Humans invent language
Humans invent language~200,000 B.C.E. ???Communicationprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-ecommunication
Photo by Lina Loos on Unsplash
Early humans reach and settle South Africa for first time150,000 B.C.E.South Africasetprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-esouth-africaset
"Mitochondrial Eve" is born, probably somewhere in Africa
“Mitochondrial Eve” is born, probably somewhere in Africa~125,000 B.C.E. ???prehistory-250000-10000-b-c-e
Humans invent modern speech
Humans invent modern speech~100,000 B.C.E. ???prehistory-250000-10000-b-c-e
Photo by Sebastien on Unsplash
Early humans settle in Arabian Peninsula for first time~125,000 B.C.E. ???Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab EmiratesMigration & Settlementprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-eoman qatar saudi-arabia united-arab-emiratesmigration-settlement
Humans begin burying dead, perhaps in modern-day Israel
Humans begin burying dead, perhaps in modern-day Israel~100,000 B.C.E. ???Israelprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-eisrael
Humans invent the harpoon, perhaps in modern day Democratic Republic of Congo
Humans invent the harpoon, perhaps in modern day Democratic Republic of Congo~90,000 B.C.E. ???Democratic Republic of CongoTechnologyprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-edemocratic-republic-of-congotechnology
Humans in Ancient Morocco manufacture jewelry for first time
Humans in Ancient Morocco manufacture jewelry for first time~80,000 B.C.E. ???prehistory-250000-10000-b-c-e
Humans arrive in Australia for first time
Humans arrive in Australia for first time~65,000 B.C.E. ???Australiaprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-eaustralia
Humans begin practicing herbalism
Humans begin practicing herbalism~60,000 B.C.E. ???Medicineprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-emedicine
Humans in Africa invent the bow and arrow
Humans in Africa invent the bow and arrow~60,000 B.C.E. ???prehistory-250000-10000-b-c-e
By National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) - https://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/SearchPhotos/photo.pl?mission=STS061&roll=75&frame=48, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=400284
Early humans inhabitat Lake Malawi area~55,000 B.C.E. ???MalawiMigration & Settlementprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-emalawimigration-settlement
First human settlement built in Australia
First human settlement built in Australia~50,000 B.C.E. ???Australiaprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-eaustralia
Human behavior evolves to "behavioral modernity", including abstract thinking, planning depth, and symbolic thinking
Human behavior evolves to “behavioral modernity”, including abstract thinking, planning depth, and symbolic thinking~50,000 B.C.E. ???prehistory-250000-10000-b-c-e
Humans begin practicing ceremonial burial
Humans begin practicing ceremonial burial~50,000 B.C.E. ???prehistory-250000-10000-b-c-e
Proto-humans in modern-day Siberia begin using sewing needles
Proto-humans in modern-day Siberia begin using sewing needles~50,000 B.C.E. ???prehistory-250000-10000-b-c-e
Humans begin using flutes - perhaps first musical instruments ever - in modern-day Germany
Humans begin using flutes – perhaps first musical instruments ever – in modern-day Germany~40,000 B.C.E. ???prehistory-250000-10000-b-c-e
Humans first settle in Siberia
Humans first settle in Siberia~45,000 B.C.E. ???RussiaMigration & Settlementprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-erussiamigration-settlement
Early humans settle in modern-day Indonesia
Early humans settle in modern-day Indonesia~45,000 B.C.E. ???IndonesiaMigration & Settlementprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-eindonesiamigration-settlement
Humans reach Europe
Humans reach Europe~43,000 B.C.E. ???prehistory-250000-10000-b-c-e
Aurignacian culture begins in Europe
Aurignacian culture begins in Europe~40,000 B.C.E. ???Cultureprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-eculture
Châtelperronian culture flourishes in France
Châtelperronian culture flourishes in France~40,000 B.C.E. ???FranceMigration & Settlementprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-efrancemigration-settlement
Early humans settle Ksar Akil in modern-day Lebanon
Early humans settle Ksar Akil in modern-day Lebanon~40,000 B.C.E. ???LebanonMigration & Settlementprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-elebanonmigration-settlement
First known cave art created in modern-day Spain
First known cave art created in modern-day Spain~40,000 B.C.E. ???Spainprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-espain
Homo sapiens settle island of Great Britain
Homo sapiens settle island of Great Britain~40,000 B.C.E. ???United KingdomMigration & Settlementprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-eunited-kingdommigration-settlement
Human begin fishing for first time
Human begin fishing for first time~40,000 B.C.E. ???Food & dietprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-efood-diet
Human invent tally marks, their first numeral systems
Human invent tally marks, their first numeral systems~40,000 B.C.E. ???Numbers & mathprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-enumbers-math
Humans create art for the first time, possibly in Indonesia
Humans create art for the first time, possibly in Indonesia~40,000 B.C.E. ???prehistory-250000-10000-b-c-e
Humans first arrive in New Guinea
Humans first arrive in New Guinea~40,000 B.C.E. ???prehistory-250000-10000-b-c-e
Humans in East Timor begin fishing in the open sea
Humans in East Timor begin fishing in the open sea~40,000 B.C.E. ???prehistory-250000-10000-b-c-e
Humans reach and begin settling Tasmania
Humans reach and begin settling Tasmania~40,000 B.C.E. ???AustraliaMigration & Settlementprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-eaustraliamigration-settlement
Lion-man of the Hohlenstein-Stadel, the first known example of figurative art, is made
Lion-man of the Hohlenstein-Stadel, the first known example of figurative art, is made~40,000 B.C.E. ???Germanyprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-egermany
Ritual cremation practiced for first time in modern-day Australia
Ritual cremation practiced for first time in modern-day Australia~42,000 B.C.E. ???Australiaprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-eaustralia
Australo-Melanesians become the first humans to settle in Southeast Asia
Australo-Melanesians become the first humans to settle in Southeast Asia~40.000 B.C.E. ???Migration & Settlementprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-emigration-settlement
Photo by Ryan 'O' Niel on Unsplash
Humans settle on Borneo~40,000 B.C.E. ???Indonesia, MalaysiaMigration & Settlementprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-eindonesia malaysiamigration-settlement
Humans of Sulawesi create cave art, among the first known examples of figurative art ever
Humans of Sulawesi create cave art, among the first known examples of figurative art ever~38,000 B.C.E ???IndonesiaArt & Entertainmentprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-eindonesiaart-entertainment
Humans begin making and user small stone tools known as microliths
Humans begin making and user small stone tools known as microliths~35,000 B.C.E. ???prehistory-250000-10000-b-c-e
Humans in the Levant invent the mortar and pestle to grind ingredients for food or medicine
Humans in the Levant invent the mortar and pestle to grind ingredients for food or medicine~35,000 B.C.E. ???Technologyprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-etechnology
Humans settle in modern-day Japan for the first time
Humans settle in modern-day Japan for the first time~35,000 B.C.E. ???JapanDiscovery & explorationprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-ejapandiscovery-exploration
Humans discover and settle the island of Sri Lanka
Humans discover and settle the island of Sri Lanka~35,000 B.C.E ???Sri LankaDiscovery & explorationprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-esri-lankadiscovery-exploration
Humans invent dancing
Humans invent dancing~35,000 B.C.E. ???prehistory-250000-10000-b-c-e
Photo by Sarah Lee on Unsplash
Homo sapiens settle the Korean peninsula for the first time~35,000 B.C.E. ???North Korea, South KoreaMigration & Settlementprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-enorth-korea south-koreamigration-settlement
Neanderthals create world's first string
Neanderthals create world’s first string~30,000 B.C.E. ???Franceprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-efrance
Early humans of Austria create the Venus of Galgenberg
Early humans of Austria create the Venus of Galgenberg~30,000 B.C.E. ???AustriaArt & Entertainment, Cultureprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-eaustriaart-entertainment culture
Gravettian hunter-gatherers flourish in modern-day Europe
Gravettian hunter-gatherers flourish in modern-day Europe~30,000 B.C.E. ???Cultureprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-eculture
Humans create the first star chart, perhaps in modern-day Germany
Humans create the first star chart, perhaps in modern-day Germany~30,000 B.C.E. ???GermanyAstronomy & Space Explorationprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-egermanyastronomy-space-exploration
Humans first arrive and settle in the Arctic
Humans first arrive and settle in the Arctic~30,000 B.C.E. ???Migration & Settlementprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-emigration-settlement
Humans in modern-day Europe invent flatbread
Humans in modern-day Europe invent flatbread~30,000 B.C.E. ???Food & dietprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-efood-diet
Humans migrate to and settle in the Eurasian Steppe
Humans migrate to and settle in the Eurasian Steppe~30,000 B.C.E. ???Migration & Settlementprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-emigration-settlement
Photo by Tim Boote on Unsplash
Humans, perhaps in Europe, invent rope~30,000 B.C.E. ???prehistory-250000-10000-b-c-e
Rock paintings tradition begins in Bhimbetka rock shelters in India
Rock paintings tradition begins in Bhimbetka rock shelters in India~30,000 B.C.E. ???IndiaArt & Entertainment, Cultureprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-eindiaart-entertainment culture
Photo by Guido Jansen on Unsplash
Humans use ovens to cook meat possibly for first time in modern-day Czech Republic~29,000 B.C.E. ???prehistory-250000-10000-b-c-e
Humans invest baskets to gather and store valuables, perhaps in modern-day Eastern Europe
Humans invest baskets to gather and store valuables, perhaps in modern-day Eastern Europe~27,000 B.C.ETechnologyprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-etechnology
Aboriginal Australians begin their rock painting tradition, among the oldest art in the world
Aboriginal Australians begin their rock painting tradition, among the oldest art in the world~26,000 B.C.E ???AustraliaArt & Entertainmentprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-eaustraliaart-entertainment
First permanent human settlement is built, perhaps in modern day Czech Republic
First permanent human settlement is built, perhaps in modern day Czech Republic~25,000 B.Cprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-e
Humans invent maps, perhaps in modern day Czech Republic
Humans invent maps, perhaps in modern day Czech Republic~25,000 B.C.E. ???Czech RepublicTechnologyprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-eczech-republictechnology
Humans migrate to Mesoamerica
Humans migrate to Mesoamerica~25,000 B.C.E ???MexicoMigration & Settlementprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-emexicomigration-settlement
Humans occupy and settle the Bluefish Caves in northern Yukon
Humans occupy and settle the Bluefish Caves in northern Yukon~22,000 B.C.E ???CanadaMigration & Settlementprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-ecanadamigration-settlement
Humans domesticate the wolf and create dogs
Humans domesticate the wolf and create dogs~20,000 B.C.E. ???prehistory-250000-10000-b-c-e
Humans invent wrestling, the first ever sport
Humans invent wrestling, the first ever sport~20,000 B.C.E ???Athletics & sportprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-eathletics-sport
Humans migrate from Siberia to Americas across the Bering Land Bridge
Humans migrate from Siberia to Americas across the Bering Land Bridge~20,000 B.C.E.United StatesIndigenous rightsprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-eunited-statesindigenous-rights
Humans invent pottery, perhaps in modern-day Jiangxi province in China
Humans invent pottery, perhaps in modern-day Jiangxi province in China~18,000 B.C.E ???ChinaTechnologyprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-echinatechnology
Kebarian Culture thrives in the Levant
Kebarian Culture thrives in the Levant~17,000 B.C.ECultureprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-eculture
Humans invent the bullroarer, perhaps in modern-day Ukraine
Humans invent the bullroarer, perhaps in modern-day Ukraine~18,000 B.C.E. ???UkraineTechnologyprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-eukrainetechnology
Humans invent the canoe
Humans invent the canoe~15,000 B.C.E ???Technology, Transportationprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-etechnology transportation
Humans reach southernmost tip of South America
Humans reach southernmost tip of South America~15,000 B.C.E.prehistory-250000-10000-b-c-e
Humans invent the musical bow, the world's first stringed instrument, perhaps in modern-day France
Humans invent the musical bow, the world’s first stringed instrument, perhaps in modern-day France~13,000 B.C.E. ???FranceMusic, Technologyprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-efrancemusic technology
The Aónikenk people emerge in modern-day Argentina
The Aónikenk people emerge in modern-day Argentina~12,500 B.C.E ???ArgentinaCivilization, Cultureprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-eargentinacivilization culture
Humans begin implementing dental procedures for the first time, perhaps in modern-day Italy
Humans begin implementing dental procedures for the first time, perhaps in modern-day Italy~12,000 B.C.E. ???ItalyHealth careprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-eitalyhealth-care
Humans migrate to West Africa
Humans migrate to West Africa~12,000 B.C.E ???Migration & Settlementprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-emigration-settlement
Bands of human begin forming in tribes, starting in the the Fertile Crescent
Bands of human begin forming in tribes, starting in the the Fertile Crescent~11,000 B.C.E. ???prehistory-250000-10000-b-c-e
Humans domesticate the sheep
Humans domesticate the sheep~11,000 B.C.E. ???Animal husbandry, Domesticationprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-eanimal-husbandry domestication
Humans reach and settle Patagonia, the southern tip of South America in modern-day Argentina
Humans reach and settle Patagonia, the southern tip of South America in modern-day Argentina~11,000 B.C.E ???ArgentinaMigration & Settlementprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-eargentinamigration-settlement
The Anyathian culture emerges in modern-day Myanmar
The Anyathian culture emerges in modern-day Myanmar~11,000 B.C.E. ???MyanmarCultureprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-emyanmarculture
Humans invent footwear, perhaps sagebrush bark sandals in modern-day Oregon
Humans invent footwear, perhaps sagebrush bark sandals in modern-day Oregon~10,500 B.C.E. ???United StatesClothingprehistory-250000-10000-b-c-eunited-statesclothing
Humans settled Scandinavia for the first time
Humans settled Scandinavia for the first time~10,000 B.C.E. ???Finland, Norway, SwedenMigration & Settlementagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-efinland norway swedenmigration-settlement
Photo by Evi Radauscher on Unsplash
Humans in Fertile Crescent domesticate first wheats~10,000 B.C.E. ???TurkeyAgriculture, Food & dietagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-eturkeyagriculture food-diet
Humans invent agriculture
Humans invent agriculture~10,000 B.C.E.agriculture-10000-3000-b-c-e
Photo by Fabrizio Conti on Unsplash
Neolithic farmers in the Near East domesticate the goat~10,000 B.C.E.agriculture-10000-3000-b-c-e
Qaraoun culture flourishes in modern-day Lebanon
Qaraoun culture flourishes in modern-day Lebanon~10,000 B.C.E.LebanonCultureagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-elebanonculture
The first settlements in Mesopotamia begin form
The first settlements in Mesopotamia begin form~10,000 B.C.E. ???Civilization, Cultureagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-ecivilization culture
Photo by David Becker on Unsplash
Humans first settle Scandinavia9700 B.C.E.SwedenMigration & Settlementagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-eswedenmigration-settlement
By Ounjougou - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=35317189
Early humans of Ounjougou in modern-day Mali independently develop pottery~9,500 B.C.E. ???MaliTechnologyagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-emalitechnology
First human settlements are constructed at Ain Ghazal in modern-day Jordan
First human settlements are constructed at Ain Ghazal in modern-day Jordan~9,200 B.C.E. ???JordanMigration & Settlementagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-ejordanmigration-settlement
Agriculture develops independently in the Americas
Agriculture develops independently in the Americas~9,000 B.C.E ???MexicoAgricultureagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-emexicoagriculture
Gobekli Tepe - perhaps the world's first temple - constructed in modern-day Turkey
Gobekli Tepe – perhaps the world’s first temple – constructed in modern-day Turkey~9,000 B.C.E. ???Religionagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-ereligion
Humans in Turkey domesticate cattle for first time
Humans in Turkey domesticate cattle for first time~9,000 B.C.E.TurkeyAgriculture, Animal husbandryagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-eturkeyagriculture animal-husbandry
Humans invent pictograms, using symbols to represent objects, activities, and more
Humans invent pictograms, using symbols to represent objects, activities, and more~9,000 B.C.E.Communicationagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-ecommunication
Sto:lo culture emerges in modern-day British Columbia
Sto:lo culture emerges in modern-day British Columbia~9,000 B.C.E ???Canada, Unceded Indigenous Territories of CanadaCulture, Migration & Settlementagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-ecanada unceded-indigenous-territories-of-canadaculture migration-settlement
Humans from the Indus Valley Civilization settle the Himalayas for the first time
Humans from the Indus Valley Civilization settle the Himalayas for the first time9,000 B.C.E.Bhutan, China, India, Nepal, PakistanMigration & Settlementagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-ebhutan china india nepal pakistanmigration-settlement
Humans settle in the high Andes
Humans settle in the high Andes~9,000 B.C.E. ???Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, PeruMigration & Settlementagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-eargentina bolivia chile perumigration-settlement
The first settlement at the site of modern-day Jericho are founded
The first settlement at the site of modern-day Jericho are founded~9,000 B.C.E. ???PalestineMigration & Settlementagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-epalestinemigration-settlement
Fully-developed village farming settlements emerge in modern-day Iran
Fully-developed village farming settlements emerge in modern-day Iran~8,000 B.C.E ???IranMigration & Settlementagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-eiranmigration-settlement
Humans and cats begin living together, perhaps in Cyprus
Humans and cats begin living together, perhaps in Cyprus~8,000 B.C.E. ???Domesticationagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-edomestication
Humans begin cultivating cinnamon for the first time, perhaps in modern-day Sri Lanka
Humans begin cultivating cinnamon for the first time, perhaps in modern-day Sri Lanka~8,000 B.C.E. ???Sri LankaAgriculture, Domesticationagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-esri-lankaagriculture domestication
Humans in modern-day southern Mexico domesticate maize
Humans in modern-day southern Mexico domesticate maize~8,000 B.C.E.MexicoAgriculture, Domesticationagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-emexicoagriculture domestication
Humans, probably in modern-day New Guinea, domesticate sugarcane for the first time
Humans, probably in modern-day New Guinea, domesticate sugarcane for the first time~8,000 B.C.E. ???Indonesia, Papua New GuineaAgriculture, Domestication, Food & dietagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-eindonesia papua-new-guineaagriculture domestication food-diet
New Guineans begin practicing agriculture for first time
New Guineans begin practicing agriculture for first time~8,000 B.C.E ???Indonesia, Papua New GuineaAgriculture, Food & dietagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-eindonesia papua-new-guineaagriculture food-diet
The ancient people of South America independently invent clothing
The ancient people of South America independently invent clothing~8,000 B.C.E. ???PeruTechnologyagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-eperutechnology
The Eldoradense culture emerges in modern-day Paraguay, Brazil, and Argentina, near Iguazú Falls
The Eldoradense culture emerges in modern-day Paraguay, Brazil, and Argentina, near Iguazú Falls~8,000 B.C.E. ???Argentina, Brazil, ParaguayCultureagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-eargentina brazil paraguayculture
The first bricks are invented and used, perhaps in modern-day West Bank
The first bricks are invented and used, perhaps in modern-day West Bank~8,000 B.C.E.agriculture-10000-3000-b-c-e
Capsian culture flourishes in modern-day Tunisia
Capsian culture flourishes in modern-day Tunisia~7,500 B.C.E.TunisiaCultureagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-etunisiaculture
Humans begin living in large villages, perhaps in modern-day Turkey
Humans begin living in large villages, perhaps in modern-day Turkey~7,500 B.C.E. ???TurkeyAgriculture, Civilization, Cultureagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-eturkeyagriculture civilization culture
Humans begin cultivating yams in West Africa
Humans begin cultivating yams in West Africa7,500 B.C.E.Agriculture, Food & dietagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-eagriculture food-diet
Humans create "Cave of the Hands" in modern-day Argentina
Humans create “Cave of the Hands” in modern-day Argentina~7,300 B.C.E.ArgentinaArt & Entertainmentagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-eargentinaart-entertainment
Çatalhöyük, a large Neolithic and Chalcolithic proto-city settlement in modern-day Turkey, flourishes
Çatalhöyük, a large Neolithic and Chalcolithic proto-city settlement in modern-day Turkey, flourishes~7,000 B.C.E.TurkeyCivilization, Cultureagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-eturkeycivilization culture
Photo by Shane Rounce on Unsplash
Humans domesticate oxen for the first time, allowing them to move large carts of supplies~7,000 B.C.E.agriculture-10000-3000-b-c-e
Photo by Nicolas Castez on Unsplash
Humans domesticate the pig for the first time~7,000 B.C.E.agriculture-10000-3000-b-c-e
Humans in ancient China invent lacquer
Humans in ancient China invent lacquer~7,000 B.C.E. ???ChinaArt & Entertainment, Technologyagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-echinaart-entertainment technology
Humans of the Tlatilco culture found Tlapacoya, perhaps the first city in the Americas
Humans of the Tlatilco culture found Tlapacoya, perhaps the first city in the Americas~7,000 B.C.E. ???MexicoMigration & Settlementagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-emexicomigration-settlement
Peiligang culture begins in ancient China
Peiligang culture begins in ancient China~7,000 B.C.E.ChinaCivilization, Cultureagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-echinacivilization culture
Rice begins to be domesticated in modern-day central China
Rice begins to be domesticated in modern-day central China~7,000 B.C.E.Chinaagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-echina
The Jiahu symbols of the Peilgang culture in China are created
The Jiahu symbols of the Peilgang culture in China are created~7,000 B.C.E. ???ChinaCommunication, Technologyagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-echinacommunication technology
Photo by Rohan Shrestha on Unsplash
Humans settle Kathmandu valley for the first time~7000 B.C.E. ???NepalMigration & Settlementagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-enepalmigration-settlement
Humans in northern China invent mead
Humans in northern China invent mead~7,000 B.C.E. ???ChinaFood & diet, Technologyagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-echinafood-diet technology
The Mehrgarh Culture flourishes in modern-day Pakistan
The Mehrgarh Culture flourishes in modern-day Pakistan~6,500 B.C.EPakistanCulture, Migration & Settlementagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-epakistanculture migration-settlement
Humans invent lead smelting, perhaps in modern-day Turkey
Humans invent lead smelting, perhaps in modern-day Turkey~6,500 B.C.E. ???TurkeyTechnologyagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-eturkeytechnology
Humans domesticate chickens for the first time, possibly in modern-day China
Humans domesticate chickens for the first time, possibly in modern-day China~6,000 B.C.E. ???ChinaAnimal husbandry, Domesticationagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-echinaanimal-husbandry domestication
Plant and animal domestication underway on the Iberian peninsula
Plant and animal domestication underway on the Iberian peninsula~6,000 B.C.E. ???Portugal, SpainDomesticationagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-eportugal spaindomestication
Squash is domesticated for the first time in modern-day southern Mexico
Squash is domesticated for the first time in modern-day southern Mexico~6,000 B.C.E.MexicoAgriculture, Food & dietagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-emexicoagriculture food-diet
Copper smelting invented in ancient Serbia
Copper smelting invented in ancient Serbia~5,500 B.C.E.agriculture-10000-3000-b-c-e
Humans in farming communities invent and begin using the neolithic long house
Humans in farming communities invent and begin using the neolithic long house~5,500 B.C.E.agriculture-10000-3000-b-c-e
Humans in the Indian subcontinent domesticate sesame for the first time
Humans in the Indian subcontinent domesticate sesame for the first time~5,500 B.C.E. ???Agriculture, Domesticationagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-eagriculture domestication
Linear Pottery Culture emerges in central Europe
Linear Pottery Culture emerges in central Europe~5,500 B.C.E. ???Austria, HungaryCultureagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-eaustria hungaryculture
Humans settled near Lake Titicaca domesticate the potato
Humans settled near Lake Titicaca domesticate the potato~5,000 B.C.E. ???Bolivia, PeruAgriculture, Domestication, Food & dietagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-ebolivia peruagriculture domestication food-diet
Eridu, perhaps the world's first city, is founded in modern-day Iraq
Eridu, perhaps the world’s first city, is founded in modern-day Iraq~5400 B.C.E. ???IraqCivilization, Technologyagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-eiraqcivilization technology
The Vinča culture in modern-day Southeastern Europe creates the "Vinča symbols"
The Vinča culture in modern-day Southeastern Europe creates the “Vinča symbols”~5000 B.C.E.Culture, Technologyagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-eculture technology
Humans discover and settle Malta
Humans discover and settle Malta~5,200 B.C.E.MaltaMigration & Settlementagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-emaltamigration-settlement
Berber culture emerges in the Maghreb
Berber culture emerges in the Maghreb~5,000 B.C.E. ???Algeria, Libya, Morocco, TunisiaCultureagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-ealgeria libya morocco tunisiaculture
Humanity develops mysticism, creating meaning and purpose beyond survival
Humanity develops mysticism, creating meaning and purpose beyond survival???agriculture-10000-3000-b-c-e
Humans begin practicing meditation in the Indus Valley
Humans begin practicing meditation in the Indus Valley~5,000 B.C.E. ???Indiaagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-eindia
Humans make glass for the first time, perhaps in modern-day Syria
Humans make glass for the first time, perhaps in modern-day Syria~5,000 B.C.E. ???SyriaDiscovery & exploration, Technologyagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-esyriadiscovery-exploration technology
Humans of the Hemudu Culture in ancient China invent rowing oars
Humans of the Hemudu Culture in ancient China invent rowing oars~5,000 B.C.E. ???ChinaTechnology, Transportationagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-echinatechnology transportation
Photo by an_vision on Unsplash
The apple is domesticated for the first-time, perhaps in modern-day Kazakhstan~5,000 B.C.E. ???KazakhstanAgriculture, Food & dietagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-ekazakhstanagriculture food-diet
Photo by mnm.all on Unsplash
First beer is brewed in Iran~5,000 B.C.E.agriculture-10000-3000-b-c-e
Humans in ancient Greece invent the aulos, an early wind instrument
Humans in ancient Greece invent the aulos, an early wind instrument~5,000 B.C.E ???GreeceArt & Entertainment, Music, Technologyagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-egreeceart-entertainment music technology
Humans in South America begin using ayahuasca to heal and discover
Humans in South America begin using ayahuasca to heal and discover~5,000 B.C.E.Indigenous rightsagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-eindigenous-rights
The Cucuteni–Trypillia culture flourishes in modern-day Moldova, Ukraine, and Romania
The Cucuteni–Trypillia culture flourishes in modern-day Moldova, Ukraine, and Romania~5,000 B.C.E.Moldova, Romania, UkraineCultureagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-emoldova romania ukraineculture
Use of the healing Iboga plant emerges in Western African spiritual ceremonies
Use of the healing Iboga plant emerges in Western African spiritual ceremonies???agriculture-10000-3000-b-c-e
The Cairn of Barnenez - prehistoric mausoleum - is constructed in Brittany, France
The Cairn of Barnenez – prehistoric mausoleum – is constructed in Brittany, France~4,850 B.C.E. Franceagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-efrance
The Varna Necropolis in modern-day Bulgaria becomes perhaps the world's first major gold hoard
The Varna Necropolis in modern-day Bulgaria becomes perhaps the world’s first major gold hoard~4500 B.C.E.BulgariaCivilizationagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-ebulgariacivilization
First gold jewelry created, perhaps in modern-day Bulgaria
First gold jewelry created, perhaps in modern-day Bulgaria~4,500 B.C.E.agriculture-10000-3000-b-c-e
Humans invent the plow
Humans invent the plow~4,500 B.C.E. ???Agriculture, Food & dietagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-eagriculture food-diet
Humans of the Indus Valley civilization invented irrigation
Humans of the Indus Valley civilization invented irrigation~4,500 B.C.E. ???IndiaFood & diet, Fresh water, Technologyagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-eindiafood-diet fresh-water technology
Uruk, in Mesopotamia, becomes first city in the history of humanity
Uruk, in Mesopotamia, becomes first city in the history of humanity~4,500 B.C.E.agriculture-10000-3000-b-c-e
The first year of the ancient Egyptian calendar commences
The first year of the ancient Egyptian calendar commences4,242 B.C.E.Egyptagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-eegypt
Early Norwegians begin farming for the first time
Early Norwegians begin farming for the first time~4,000 B.C.E ???NorwayAgricultureagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-enorwayagriculture
Feng shui developed in ancient China
Feng shui developed in ancient China~4,000 B.C.E.Chinaagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-echina
First paved roads built in cities of Ur and Babylon
First paved roads built in cities of Ur and Babylon~4,000 B.C.E.Transportationagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-etransportation
Humans begin using yeast to make bread, perhaps in Ancient Egypt
Humans begin using yeast to make bread, perhaps in Ancient Egypt~4,000 B.C.E. ???EgyptFood & diet, Technologyagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-eegyptfood-diet technology
Humans invent lost-wax casting, perhaps in modern-day Pakistan
Humans invent lost-wax casting, perhaps in modern-day Pakistan~4,000 B.C.E. ???PakistanTechnologyagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-epakistantechnology
Humans of the Yangshao period in China produce silk for the first time
Humans of the Yangshao period in China produce silk for the first time~4,000 B.C.E. ???ChinaTechnologyagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-echinatechnology
The Funnelbeaker culture flourishes in north-central Europe
The Funnelbeaker culture flourishes in north-central Europe~4,000 B.C.ECultureagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-eculture
Hunter-gatherers of the Wilton stone age culture inhabit Twyfelfontein in modern-day Namibia
Hunter-gatherers of the Wilton stone age culture inhabit Twyfelfontein in modern-day Namibia~4000 B.C.E. ???NamibiaArt & Entertainment, Migration & Settlementagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-enamibiaart-entertainment migration-settlement
The Egyptians and Phoenicians invent the sailboats
The Egyptians and Phoenicians invent the sailboats~4,000 B.C.E.EgyptTransportationagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-eegypttransportation
The Sweet Track and Post Track causeways are built in Somerset Levels in modern-day England
The Sweet Track and Post Track causeways are built in Somerset Levels in modern-day England~3,800 B.C.E.EnglandArchitecture, Transportationagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-eenglandarchitecture transportation
Photo by Radek Skrzypczak on Unsplash
Humans invent leather shoes, perhaps in modern-day Armenia~3,500 B.C.E ???Armeniaagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-earmenia
Humans discover and settle Cuba
Humans discover and settle Cuba~3,750 B.C.E. ???CubaMigration & Settlementagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-ecubamigration-settlement
Minoan cultures begins in Crete
Minoan cultures begins in Crete~3,700 B.C.E.GreeceCivilization, Cultureagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-egreececivilization culture
Ancient Egyptians begin practice of mummification
Ancient Egyptians begin practice of mummification~3,500 B.C.E.Egyptagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-eegypt
Ancient Sumerians create clay tablets listing hundreds of medicinal plants
Ancient Sumerians create clay tablets listing hundreds of medicinal plants~3,500 B.C.E ???IraqMedicineagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-eiraqmedicine
Damascus - perhaps the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world - is founded in modern-day Syria
Damascus – perhaps the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world – is founded in modern-day Syria3500 B.C.E. ???SyriaCivilizationagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-esyriacivilization
First systems of writing begin to emerge in Sumeria
First systems of writing begin to emerge in Sumeria~3,500 B.C.E.agriculture-10000-3000-b-c-e
Humans begin using field systems for the first time, perhaps in the Céide Fields of modern-day Ireland
Humans begin using field systems for the first time, perhaps in the Céide Fields of modern-day Ireland~3,500 B.C.E. ???IrelandAgriculture, Technologyagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-eirelandagriculture technology
The Botai people of Central Asian steppes domesticate the horse for the first time
The Botai people of Central Asian steppes domesticate the horse for the first time~3,500 B.C.E ???Animal husbandry, Domesticationagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-eanimal-husbandry domestication
The Bronze Age begins, first in Greece and China
The Bronze Age begins, first in Greece and China~3,500 B.C.E.China, Greeceagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-echina greece
The wheel is invented in Mesopotamia, initially used for pottery
The wheel is invented in Mesopotamia, initially used for pottery~3,500 B.C.E.Transportationagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-etransportation
By Michael Hermann - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=19389768
Humans of the Andes domesticate quinoa~3,500 B.C.E. ???Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, PeruAgriculture, Food & dietagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-eargentina bolivia chile peruagriculture food-diet
The Indus Valley Civilization, or Harrapan Civilization, emerges in South Asia
The Indus Valley Civilization, or Harrapan Civilization, emerges in South Asia~3,300 B.C.E.Afghanistan, India, PakistanCivilizationagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-eafghanistan india pakistancivilization
By Crisco 1492 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=40796541
Humans of ancient Persia invent the comb~3,250 B.C.E. ???IranTechnologyagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-eirantechnology
Early Cubans develop Levisa, the first known human settlement on the island
Early Cubans develop Levisa, the first known human settlement on the island~3,100 B.C.E. ???CubaMigration & Settlementagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-ecubamigration-settlement
Humans in the Indian subcontinent domesticate the water buffalo
Humans in the Indian subcontinent domesticate the water buffalo~3,000 B.C.E.IndiaAnimal husbandry, Domesticationagriculture-10000-3000-b-c-eindiaanimal-husbandry domestication
Construction begins at sacred site of Stonehenge
Construction begins at sacred site of Stonehenge~3,000 B.C.E. ???United Kingdomcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eunited-kingdom
Human begin tattooing their bodies
Human begin tattooing their bodies~3,000 B.C.E. ???civilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-e
Holding hands
Humanity’s first weddings begin~3,000 B.C.E. ???civilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-e
Humans arrive on and settle the island of Hispaniola
Humans arrive on and settle the island of Hispaniola~3,000 B.C.E. ???Dominican Republic, HaitiMigration & Settlementcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-edominican-republic haitimigration-settlement
Humans begin cultivating cotton, perhaps in modern-day Mexico
Humans begin cultivating cotton, perhaps in modern-day Mexico~3,000 B.C.E. ???MexicoAgriculturecivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-emexicoagriculture
Humans of ancient Sumer invent belt wrestling
Humans of ancient Sumer invent belt wrestling~3,000 B.C.E. ???IraqAthletics & sportcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eiraqathletics-sport
Longshan culture emerges in modern-day China
Longshan culture emerges in modern-day China~3000 B.C.E.ChinaCulturecivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-echinaculture
Skara Brae settlement flourishes in Scotland
Skara Brae settlement flourishes in Scotland~3,000 B.C.E.Scotland, United KingdomCulturecivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-escotland united-kingdomculture
The site of modern-day Beirut is settled for the first time
The site of modern-day Beirut is settled for the first time~3,000 B.C.E ???LebanonCities, Migration & Settlementcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-elebanoncities migration-settlement
The first settlement at Baalbek is founded in modern-day Lebanon
The first settlement at Baalbek is founded in modern-day Lebanon~2900 B.C.E.LebanonCivilizationcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-elebanoncivilization
Humans of ancient Britain construct Avebury
Humans of ancient Britain construct Avebury~2750 B.C.E ???United KingdomArchitecturecivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eunited-kingdomarchitecture
By Jebulon (2010), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=12148697
Phoenician civilization flourishes in the eastern Mediterranean~2750 B.C.E.Israel, Lebanon, SyriaCivilizationcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eisrael lebanon syriacivilization
The Catacomb culture flourishes in modern-day Ukraine and southern Russia
The Catacomb culture flourishes in modern-day Ukraine and southern Russia~2750 B.C.E.Russia, UkraineCulturecivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-erussia ukraineculture
By File:Corded Ware culture.png : User:Dbachmann (2005)File:Europe laea location map.svg : User:Alexrk2derivative work : User:Sir Henry - File:Corded Ware culture.pngFile:Europe laea location map.svg, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=26206705
Corded Ware cultures thrives in Europe2750 B.C.E.Denmark, Estonia, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, Sweden, The NetherlandsCulturecivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-edenmark estonia germany latvia lithuania poland russia sweden the-netherlandsculture
Ancient Sumerian Statue
Humanity’s first monarch, perhaps Dumuzid, comes to power in Sumeria~2600 B.C.E. ???civilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-e
The civilization of Elam rises in modern-day Iran
The civilization of Elam rises in modern-day Iran~2700 B.C.EIranCivilizationcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eirancivilization
The Old Kingdom of Egypt begins
The Old Kingdom of Egypt begins2686 B.C.E.EgyptCivilizationcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eegyptcivilization
Maya culture emerges in the Yucatan
Maya culture emerges in the Yucatan~2600 B.C.E ???MexicoCulturecivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-emexicoculture
Construction of first Egyptian pyramid begins
Construction of first Egyptian pyramid begins~2550 B.C.E.Egyptcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eegypt
By Percy Meza - Own work, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=8393910
Ancient Andeans build first city in the Americas, Caral, in modern-day Peru~2500 B.C.E. ???PeruCivilizationcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eperucivilization
Ancient Egyptians begin using papyrus as a writing surface
Ancient Egyptians begin using papyrus as a writing surface~2500 B.C.E.EgyptTechnologycivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eegypttechnology
Kerma culture flourishes in modern-day Sudan
Kerma culture flourishes in modern-day Sudan~2500 B.C.E.SudanCivilization, Culturecivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-esudancivilization culture
Kubaba of Sumeria becomes humanity's first female ruler
Kubaba of Sumeria becomes humanity’s first female ruler~2500 B.C.E. ???Women's rightscivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-ewomens-rights
The Kesh Temple Hymn - oldest known piece of literature - is written in Sumeria
The Kesh Temple Hymn – oldest known piece of literature – is written in Sumeria~2500 B.C.E.civilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-e
The Ancient Egyptians invent boat docks
The Ancient Egyptians invent boat docks~2500 B.C.E. ???EgyptTechnology, Transportationcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eegypttechnology transportation
Use of the now ubiquitous spice black pepper becomes widespread, beginning in modern-day India
Use of the now ubiquitous spice black pepper becomes widespread, beginning in modern-day India~2500 B.C.E. ???IndiaAgriculture, Food & dietcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eindiaagriculture food-diet
The Hồng Bàng dynasty flourishes in modern-day Vietnam
The Hồng Bàng dynasty flourishes in modern-day Vietnam~2500 B.C.E.VietnamKingdoms & empirecivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-evietnamkingdoms-empire
Sargon the Great forms the world's first empire in Mesopotamia, the Akkadian Empire
Sargon the Great forms the world’s first empire in Mesopotamia, the Akkadian Empire2350 B.C.E.civilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-e
The Poverty Point culture in modern-day southern United States flourishes
The Poverty Point culture in modern-day southern United States flourishes~2200 B.C.E.United Statescivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eunited-states
The Xia Dynasty becomes first government and first dynasty in China
The Xia Dynasty becomes first government and first dynasty in China~2070 B.C.E.Chinacivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-echina
CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=276288
Andronovo culture flourishes in western Siberia and the Steppe~2000 B.C.E.RussiaCulturecivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-erussiaculture
Austronesian peoples migrate to modern-day Indonesia from Taiwan
Austronesian peoples migrate to modern-day Indonesia from Taiwan~2000 B.C.E ???IndonesiaMigration & Settlementcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eindonesiamigration-settlement
Humans from the Andronovo culture of the central Eurasian steppe invent the chariot (~2,000 B.C.E. ???)
Humans from the Andronovo culture of the central Eurasian steppe invent the chariot (~2,000 B.C.E. ???)~2000 B.C.E. ???Kazakhstan, RussiaMilitary, Technology, Transportationcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-ekazakhstan russiamilitary technology transportation
Zoroastrianism -perhaps the world's first monotheistic religion - emerges in modern-day Iran
Zoroastrianism -perhaps the world’s first monotheistic religion – emerges in modern-day Iran~2000 B.C.E.IranReligioncivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eiranreligion
Austronesian people arrive in modern-day Indonesia
Austronesian people arrive in modern-day Indonesia~2000 B.C.E.???, ~2000 B.C.E.???, ~2000 B.C.E.???, ~2000 B.C.E.???IndonesiaMigration & Settlementcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eindonesiamigration-settlement
Photo by Tom Mussak on Unsplash
Monagrillo culture emerges in modern-day Panama~2000 B.C.E. ???PanamaCulturecivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-epanamaculture
The Assyrians build the world's first long-distance canal systems
The Assyrians build the world's first long-distance canal systems~1800 B.C.E. ???Architecture, Technologycivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-earchitecture technology
Hammurabi establishes his code of conduct, one of the first known examples of law and order
Hammurabi establishes his code of conduct, one of the first known examples of law and order~1750 B.C.E.civilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-e
The Shang Dynasty comes to power in China
The Shang Dynasty comes to power in China1556 B.C.E.ChinaCivilizationcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-echinacivilization
Early humans discover and settle Micronesia
Early humans discover and settle Micronesia~1500 B.C.EMicronesiaMigration & Settlementcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-emicronesiamigration-settlement
Hittites in modern-day Turkey develop iron smelting process, launching the Iron Age
Hittites in modern-day Turkey develop iron smelting process, launching the Iron Age~1500 B.C.E.civilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-e
Nok culture flourishes in modern-day Nigeria
Nok culture flourishes in modern-day Nigeria~1500 B.C.E.NigeriaCivilization, Culturecivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-enigeriacivilization culture
Babylonian astronomers create the world's first star catalogues
Babylonian astronomers create the world's first star catalogues~1200 B.C.E. ???IraqAstronomy & Space Explorationcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eiraqastronomy-space-exploration
Photo by Wunna Aung on Unsplash
The Bronze Age begins in modern-day Myanmar~1500 B.C.E. ???MyanmarCulturecivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-emyanmarculture
Humans in ancient Iraq invent musical notation
Humans in ancient Iraq invent musical notation~1400 B.C.E.IraqCommunication, Musiccivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eiraqcommunication music
Humans, perhaps in ancient Mycenaean Greece, invent the lathe
Humans, perhaps in ancient Mycenaean Greece, invent the lathe~1400 B.C.E. ???GreeceTechnologycivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-egreecetechnology
Oldest known song, "Hurrian Hymn No. 6", composed in Ancient Sumeria
Oldest known song, “Hurrian Hymn No. 6”, composed in Ancient Sumeria~1400 B.C.E. ???Syriacivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-esyria
The Phoenician alphabet, the oldest verified, is invented
The Phoenician alphabet, the oldest verified, is invented~1300 B.C.ECommunicationcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-ecommunication
People of the Shang Dynasty begin using oracle bones for divination
People of the Shang Dynasty begin using oracle bones for divination~1200 B.C.E. ???ChinaReligion, Shamanism & Ritualscivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-echinareligion shamanism-rituals
The Olmec civilization begins to flourish in modern-day Mexico
The Olmec civilization begins to flourish in modern-day Mexico~1200 B.C.E.MexicoCivilization, Culturecivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-emexicocivilization culture
The Rigveda, one of the four canonical sacred texts of Hinduism, is completed
The Rigveda, one of the four canonical sacred texts of Hinduism, is completed~1200 B.C.EIndiaLiterature, Religioncivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eindialiterature religion
The Slab Grave culture flourishes in modern-day Mongolia
The Slab Grave culture flourishes in modern-day Mongolia~1200 B.C.E.MongoliaCulture, Migration & Settlementcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-emongoliaculture migration-settlement
The Yajurveda, one of the four Vedas of the Hindu tradition, is completed
The Yajurveda, one of the four Vedas of the Hindu tradition, is completed~1200 B.C.E ???IndiaCulture, Literature, Religioncivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eindiaculture literature religion
Urnfield culture begins to thrive in central Europe
Urnfield culture begins to thrive in central Europe~1200 B.C.E.Culturecivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eculture
Humans in ancient Chinese invent the sheng, an early polyphonic reed instrument
Humans in ancient Chinese invent the sheng, an early polyphonic reed instrument~1100 B.C.E. ???ChinaArt & Entertainment, Music, Technologycivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-echinaart-entertainment music technology
Jin City, known now as Beijing, is established as a city
Jin City, known now as Beijing, is established as a city~1100 B.C.E.Chinacivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-echina
The Zhou Dynasty rises to power in China
The Zhou Dynasty rises to power in China1046 B.C.E.ChinaCivilization, Culture, Governmentcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-echinacivilization culture government
Chinese bronze inscriptions come into use in modern-day China
Chinese bronze inscriptions come into use in modern-day China1034 B.C.E.ChinaTechnologycivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-echinatechnology
Humans in South American begin smoking tobacco for ceremonial and medicinal purposes
Humans in South American begin smoking tobacco for ceremonial and medicinal purposes~1000 B.C.E. ???civilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-e
The Sami People emerge in modern-day Norway
The Sami People emerge in modern-day Norway~1000 B.C.E ???NorwayCulturecivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-enorwayculture
The Bantu expansion spreads across sub-Saharan Africa
The Bantu expansion spreads across sub-Saharan Africa~1000 B.C.E. ???Migration & Settlementcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-emigration-settlement
Jainism emerges in the Indian sub-continent
Jainism emerges in the Indian sub-continent~900 B.C.E.IndiaReligioncivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eindiareligion
Stone architecture arises in the Copán River valley in modern-day Honduras for the first time
Stone architecture arises in the Copán River valley in modern-day Honduras for the first time~900 B.C.E., ~900 B.C.E., ~900 B.C.E.HondruasArchitecturecivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-ehondruasarchitecture
The Assyrians build the world's first long-distance canal systems
The Assyrians build the world’s first long-distance canal systems~850 B.C.E. ???Architecture, Technologycivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-earchitecture technology
The Phoenicians found the city of Carthage in modern-day Tunisia
The Phoenicians found the city of Carthage in modern-day Tunisia~813 B.C.E.TunisiaCivilizationcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-etunisiacivilization
City-states rise to power in ancient Greece
City-states rise to power in ancient Greece~800 B.C.EGreeceCivilizationcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-egreececivilization
Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=171684
The first Olympic games begin in Greece776 B.C.E.GreeceAthletics & sport, International cooperationcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-egreeceathletics-sport international-cooperation
Rome is founded on the banks of the Tiber
Rome is founded on the banks of the Tiber753 B.C.E.civilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-e
The Scythian empire flourishes in central Eurasia
The Scythian empire flourishes in central Eurasia750 B.C.E., 750 B.C.E., 750 B.C.E., 750 B.C.E.Kazakhstan, Russia, UkraineKingdoms & empirecivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-ekazakhstan russia ukrainekingdoms-empire
By Sammy Six - Madain Saleh, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=32186151
The Thamud civilization emerges on the Arabian peninsula~750 B.C.E. ???Saudi ArabiaKingdoms & empirecivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-esaudi-arabiakingdoms-empire
Photo by Patrick Schneider on Unsplash
Iranian nomads build irrigation channels in Central Asia750 B.C.E. ???Migration & Settlementcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-emigration-settlement
Homer composes epic poems The Iliad and The Odyssey
Homer composes epic poems The Iliad and The Odyssey~730 B.C.E.civilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-e
The Medes people of ancient Iran come together to form the Median Kingdom
The Medes people of ancient Iran come together to form the Median Kingdom~700 B.C.E. ???IranKingdoms & empirecivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eirankingdoms-empire
By Ekrem Canli - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=30581520
The city of Sakarkand is founded in modern-day Uzbekistan~700 B.C.E.UzbekistanCitiescivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-euzbekistancities
Suśruta of ancient India authors Sushruta Samhita, an ancient Sanskrit text on medicine
Suśruta of ancient India authors Sushruta Samhita, an ancient Sanskrit text on medicine~650 B.C.E. ???IndiaMedicine, Public health, Science & researchcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eindiamedicine public-health science-research
Hanno the Navigator of Carthage explores the coasts of West Africa
Hanno the Navigator of Carthage explores the coasts of West Africa~600 B.C.ETunisiaDiscovery & explorationcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-etunisiadiscovery-exploration
The Agora thrives as public commons space in ancient Athens
The Agora thrives as public commons space in ancient Athens~600 B.C.E.GreeceCommons, Democracycivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-egreececommons democracy
The Greeks build the world's first underground aqueduct, the Tunnel of Eupalinos, on the island of Samos
The Greeks build the world’s first underground aqueduct, the Tunnel of Eupalinos, on the island of Samos~600 B.C.E.GreeceArchitecture, Technologycivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-egreecearchitecture technology
Vaishali in India becomes world's first republic
Vaishali in India becomes world’s first republic~600 B.C.E.Indiacivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eindia
The Greeks build the world's first underground aqueduct, the Tunnel of Eupalinos, on the island of Samos
The Greeks build the world's first underground aqueduct, the Tunnel of Eupalinos, on the island of Samos~550 B.C.E.GreeceArchitecture, Technologycivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-egreecearchitecture technology
Lydia's King Alyattes mints the first official currency
Lydia’s King Alyattes mints the first official currency~600 B.C.E.TurkeyFinance, Tradecivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eturkeyfinance trade
Thales of Miletus becomes first human to predict a solar eclipse
Thales of Miletus becomes first human to predict a solar eclipse585 B.C.E.GreeceAstronomy & Space Exploration, Science & researchcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-egreeceastronomy-space-exploration science-research
Confucius, a great Chinese philosopher, is born
Confucius, a great Chinese philosopher, is born551 B.C.EChinaPhilosophycivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-echinaphilosophy
Cyrus the Great founds the Achamenid Persian Empire
Cyrus the Great founds the Achamenid Persian Empire~550 B.C.E.civilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-e
Humans of ancient Greece invent the crane
Humans of ancient Greece invent the crane~550 B.C.E.GreeceArchitecture, Technologycivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-egreecearchitecture technology
Sun Tzu writes the Art of War
Sun Tzu writes the Art of War~550 B.C.E ???ChinaLiterature, Militarycivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-echinaliterature military
The Temple of Artemis as Ephesus is completed
The Temple of Artemis as Ephesus is completed~550 B.C.E.TurkeyArchitecture, Religioncivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eturkeyarchitecture religion
Republic established in ancient Rome
Republic established in ancient Rome509 B.C.E.civilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-e
Buddhism emerges in the Indian subcontinent
Buddhism emerges in the Indian subcontinent~500 B.C.E.IndiaReligioncivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eindiareligion
Dorset culture emerges in modern-day Canada and Alaska
Dorset culture emerges in modern-day Canada and Alaska~500 B.C.E ???Canada, Unceded Indigenous Territories of Canada, United StatesCulture, Migration & Settlementcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-ecanada unceded-indigenous-territories-of-canada united-statesculture migration-settlement
Humans of ancient China invent cuju, perhaps the earliest precursor to soccer/football
Humans of ancient China invent cuju, perhaps the earliest precursor to soccer/football~500 B.C.E ???ChinaAthletics & sportcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-echinaathletics-sport
The ancient Chinese, perhaps of the Zhou Dynasty, invent the trip hammer
The ancient Chinese, perhaps of the Zhou Dynasty, invent the trip hammer~500 B.C.E. ???ChinaTechnologycivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-echinatechnology
The Nazca people begin construction of the Nazca Lines in Peru
The Nazca people begin construction of the Nazca Lines in Peru~500 B.C.E.Perucivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eperu
Humans of the Zhou dynasty in modern-day China invent the gear
Humans of the Zhou dynasty in modern-day China invent the gear~450 B.C.E. ???ChinaTechnologycivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-echinatechnology
Humanity creates democracy in Ancient Greece
Humanity creates democracy in Ancient Greece~430 B.C.E.Greececivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-egreece
Laozi writes the Tao Te Ching
Laozi writes the Tao Te Ching~400 B.C.E. ???ChinaReligioncivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-echinareligion
Sophocles completes the Oedipus trilogy of tragic plays
Sophocles completes the Oedipus trilogy of tragic plays401 B.C.E.GreeceArt & Entertainmentcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-egreeceart-entertainment
The Hippocratic Oath is used for the first time
The Hippocratic Oath is used for the first time~400 B.C.E.GreeceEthics, Public healthcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-egreeceethics public-health
Zapotec culture flourishes in modern-day Mexico
Zapotec culture flourishes in modern-day Mexico~400 B.C.E.MexicoCivilization, Culturecivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-emexicocivilization culture
Early Sri Lankans compile the Dipavamsa
Early Sri Lankans compile the Dipavamsa~400 B.C.E. ???Sri LankaLiteraturecivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-esri-lankaliterature
Plato publishes The Republic, a remarkable meditation on justice and the just society
Plato publishes The Republic, a remarkable meditation on justice and the just society383 B.C.E.civilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-e
Lucius Sextius Lateranus becomes the first plebeian consul of Rome
Lucius Sextius Lateranus becomes the first plebeian consul of Rome366 B.C.E.ItalyDemocracy, Economic inequalitycivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eitalydemocracy economic-inequality
Aristotle speculates about the existence of the South Pole, becoming perhaps the first to do so
Aristotle speculates about the existence of the South Pole, becoming perhaps the first to do so~330 B.C.E.GreecePhilosophycivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-egreecephilosophy
Alexander the Great through conquest of Egypt, Persia, and India launches Hellenistic Age
Alexander the Great through conquest of Egypt, Persia, and India launches Hellenistic Age~320 B.C.E.Egypt, Indiacivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eegypt india
The Vikings invent the longship
The Vikings invent the longship~350 B.C.E ???NorwayTechnology, Transportationcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-enorwaytechnology transportation
Construction begins on the Lighthouse of Alexandria, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world
Construction begins on the Lighthouse of Alexandria, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world305 B.C.E.EgyptArchitecturecivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eegyptarchitecture
Buni culture flourishes in West Java in modern-day Indonesia
Buni culture flourishes in West Java in modern-day Indonesia~300 B.C.E.IndonesiaCivilization, Culturecivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eindonesiacivilization culture
Construction begins on the Library of Alexandria, perhaps the largest and most significant library of the ancient world
Construction begins on the Library of Alexandria, perhaps the largest and most significant library of the ancient world~300 B.C.E.civilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-e
Humans of Mesoamerica settle the site of Teotihuacan
Humans of Mesoamerica settle the site of Teotihuacan~300 B.C.E. ???MexicoMigration & Settlementcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-emexicomigration-settlement
The Chola dynasty comes to power in modern-day India
The Chola dynasty comes to power in modern-day India~300 B.C.E.IndiaCivilization, Governmentcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eindiacivilization government
The original uploader was Euronaut at German Wikipedia. Later versions were uploaded by Zahnstein at de.wikipedia. (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Djenné_Moschee.jpg), „Djenné Moschee“, Cropping by Peter Schulte, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/legalcode
The city of Djenné-Djenno thrives in modern-day Mali~250 B.C.E.MaliCitiescivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-emalicities
Photo by Rohan Shrestha on Unsplash
The Kirati people settled in the Kathmandu valley~250 B.C.E. ???NepalMigration & Settlementcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-enepalmigration-settlement
Construction begins on the Great Wall of China
Construction begins on the Great Wall of China~221 B.C.E.ChinaTechnologycivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-echinatechnology
The Qin Dynasty unites China for the first time
The Qin Dynasty unites China for the first time221 B.C.E.Chinacivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-echina
Hannibal, one of history's greatest military tacticians, marches elephants over the Alps
Hannibal, one of history’s greatest military tacticians, marches elephants over the Alps~210 B.C.E.civilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-e
Compass invented in China
Compass invented in China~220 B.C.E.Chinacivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-echina
Modu Chanyu founds the Xiongnu Empire in modern-day Mongolia
Modu Chanyu founds the Xiongnu Empire in modern-day Mongolia~210 B.C.E.MongoliaCivilization, Culturecivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-emongoliacivilization culture
By Whole_world_-_land_and_oceans_12000.jpg: NASA/Goddard Space Flight Centerderivative work: Splette (talk) - Whole_world_-_land_and_oceans_12000.jpg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=10449197
The Silk Road is formally established – connecting China, the Middle East, and other ancient civilizations207 B.C.E.ChinaTradecivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-echinatrade
Masinissa founds the kingdom of Numidia
Masinissa founds the kingdom of Numidia202 B.C.E.Algeria, Libya, Morocco, TunisiaKingdoms & empirecivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-ealgeria libya morocco tunisiakingdoms-empire
Humans of Han Dynasty in modern-day China transform calligraphy into art
Humans of Han Dynasty in modern-day China transform calligraphy into art~200 B.C.E.ChinaArt & Entertainment, Communicationcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-echinaart-entertainment communication
The astrolabe is invented, perhaps by the Appolonius of Perga in Greece
The astrolabe is invented, perhaps by the Appolonius of Perga in Greece~200 B.C.E. ???GreeceAstronomy & Space Exploration, Technologycivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-egreeceastronomy-space-exploration technology
By Masae - Own work based on:Grønlands forhistorie, editor. Hans Christian Gulløv, Gyldendal 2005, ISBN 87-02-01724-5National Museum of Natural History, Arctic Studies Center [1], CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1415586
Thule culture emerges in the Arctic~200 B.C.E. ???Canada, Unceded Indigenous Territories of CanadaCulturecivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-ecanada unceded-indigenous-territories-of-canadaculture
Paper is invented in modern-day China
Paper is invented in modern-day China~200 B.C.E.ChinaCommunication, Technologycivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-echinacommunication technology
Humans invent glassblowing, perhaps in modern-day Iran
Humans invent glassblowing, perhaps in modern-day Iran~150 B.C.E. ???IranTechnologycivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eirantechnology
The ancient Chinese invent the multi-tube seed drill
The ancient Chinese invent the multi-tube seed drill~150 B.C.E. ???ChinaAgriculture, Food & diet, Technologycivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-echinaagriculture food-diet technology
By Hybernator - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=17324638
The first city-states in modern-day Myanmar emerge~150 B.C.E. ???MyanmarCitiescivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-emyanmarcities
First emperor of Japan, perhaps Jimmu, comes into power
First emperor of Japan, perhaps Jimmu, comes into power~100 B.C.E. ?civilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-e
Virgil composes epic poem The Aeneid
Virgil composes epic poem The Aeneid~20 B.C.E.Literaturecivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eliterature
By Historiographer at English Wikipedia - Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6606985
The Baejke kingdom thrives in modern-day Korea15 B.C.E.North Korea, South KoreaKingdoms & empirecivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-enorth-korea south-koreakingdoms-empire
Jesus of Nazareth is born
Jesus of Nazareth is born~0 C.E.Religioncivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-ereligion
The original Ise Grand Shrine, most important Shinto shrine, is erected in Japan
The original Ise Grand Shrine, most important Shinto shrine, is erected in Japan4 B.C.E.Religioncivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-ereligion
Photo by Lesly Derksen on Unsplash
Coastal cities on Borneo establish trading posts with outside world50 C.E. ???Indonesia, MalaysiaTradecivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eindonesia malaysiatrade
The Chinese of the Han Dynasty invent the wheelbarrow
The Chinese of the Han Dynasty invent the wheelbarrow~100 C.E. ???ChinaTechnologycivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-echinatechnology
The Moche civilization flourishes in modern-day Peru
The Moche civilization flourishes in modern-day Peru100 C.E.PeruCivilizationcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eperucivilization
Ancient Romans begin construction of Hadrian's Wall in Britain
Ancient Romans begin construction of Hadrian's Wall in Britain122 C.E.United KingdomArchitecture, Militarycivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eunited-kingdomarchitecture military
Zhang Heng invents the seisometer
Zhang Heng invents the seisometer132 C.E.ChinaTechnologycivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-echinatechnology
Ptolemy publishes Geography, revolutionizing cartography
Ptolemy publishes Geography, revolutionizing cartography~170 B.C.E.civilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-e
The Sasanian Empire flourishes in modern-day Iran
The Sasanian Empire flourishes in modern-day Iran225 C.E.IranKingdoms & empirecivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eirankingdoms-empire
Humans first settle the island of Madagascar
Humans first settle the island of Madagascar350 C.E. ???MadagascarMigration & Settlementcivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-emadagascarmigration-settlement
Gunawan Kartapranata (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Vishnu_Cibuaya_Tarumanagara.JPG), „Vishnu Cibuaya Tarumanagara“, Cropping by Peter Schulte, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/legalcode
The Taruma Kingdom is established in West Java in modern-day Indonesia358 C.E.IndonesiaKingdoms & empirecivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eindonesiakingdoms-empire
The Great Migration sweeps across Europe
The Great Migration sweeps across Europe~400 C.E.Migration & Settlement, Militarycivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-emigration-settlement military
By Clemensmarabu - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9023848
The Licchavi Kingdom flourishes in modern-day Nepal425 C.E.NepalKingdoms & empirecivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-enepalkingdoms-empire
K’inich Yax K’uk Mo founds Copán dynasty
K’inich Yax K’uk Mo founds Copán dynasty426 C.E., 426 C.E., 426 C.E.HondurasKingdoms & empirecivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-ehonduraskingdoms-empire
Teotihuacan reaches the peak of its power
Teotihuacan reaches the peak of its power~450 C.E.MexicoKingdoms & empirepost-classical-500-1500-c-emexicokingdoms-empire
The town of Kyiv is founded in modern-day Ukraine
The town of Kyiv is founded in modern-day Ukraine482 C.E., 482 C.E., 482 C.E.UkraineCitiescivilization-3000-b-c-e-500-c-eukrainecities
Guaraní culture emerges in modern-day Paraguay
Guaraní culture emerges in modern-day Paraguay~500 C.E. ???ParaguayCulturepost-classical-500-1500-c-eparaguayculture
By AshLin - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=19050931
The Mongpa people build a kingdom in modern-day Bhutan500 C.E.BhutanKingdoms & empirepost-classical-500-1500-c-ebhutankingdoms-empire
Photo by Angel Silva on Unsplash
The Cueva people form in modern-day Panama~500 C.E. ???PanamaCulture, Migration & Settlementpost-classical-500-1500-c-epanamaculture migration-settlement
Handroller cotton gins invented in modern-day India
Handroller cotton gins invented in modern-day India~550 C.E. ???IndiaAgriculture, Technologypost-classical-500-1500-c-eindiaagriculture technology
The ancient Chinese invent sulfur matches
The ancient Chinese invent sulfur matches~550 C.E. ???ChinaTechnologypost-classical-500-1500-c-echinatechnology
The medieval Chinese of the Song dynasty invent toilet paper
The medieval Chinese of the Song dynasty invent toilet paper~550 C.E.ChinaPublic health, Technologypost-classical-500-1500-c-echinapublic-health technology
Irish monks discover the Faroe Islands
Irish monks discover the Faroe Islands~550 C.E. ???DenmarkDiscovery & explorationpost-classical-500-1500-c-edenmarkdiscovery-exploration
The Sui Dynasty begins in China
The Sui Dynasty begins in China581 C.E.ChinaCivilization, Culturepost-classical-500-1500-c-echinacivilization culture
By Morgan Phoenix - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=11703943
Muhammad is born in Mecca in modern-day Saudi Arabia570 C.E.Saudi ArabiaReligionpost-classical-500-1500-c-esaudi-arabiareligion
The Lucayans of the Taino people becomes the first inhabitants of the Bahamas
The Lucayans of the Taino people becomes the first inhabitants of the Bahamas~600 C.E. ???The BahamasMigration & Settlementpost-classical-500-1500-c-ethe-bahamasmigration-settlement
The panemone windmill is invented, perhaps in Persia
The panemone windmill is invented, perhaps in Persia~600 C.E. ???IranTechnologypost-classical-500-1500-c-eirantechnology
The Wari culture flourishes in modern-day Peru
The Wari culture flourishes in modern-day Peru~600 C.E.PeruCivilizationpost-classical-500-1500-c-eperucivilization
The Qieyun, a historic Chinese rime dictionary, is written and published by Lu Fayan
The Qieyun, a historic Chinese rime dictionary, is written and published by Lu Fayan601 C.E.ChinaLiteraturepost-classical-500-1500-c-echinaliterature
Initial construction of Grand Canal in China is completed
Initial construction of Grand Canal in China is completed~605 C.E.ChinaArchitecture, Transportationpost-classical-500-1500-c-echinaarchitecture transportation
Brahmagupta writes the Brāhmasphuṭasiddhānta, a seminal work of mathematical astronomy
Brahmagupta writes the Brāhmasphuṭasiddhānta, a seminal work of mathematical astronomy628 C.E.IndiaAstronomy & Space Exploration, Numbers & mathpost-classical-500-1500-c-eindiaastronomy-space-exploration numbers-math
First version of the Quran is written
First version of the Quran is written671 C.E.Religionpost-classical-500-1500-c-ereligion
Bianji compiles Great Tang Records on the Western Regions
Bianji compiles Great Tang Records on the Western Regions646 C.E.ChinaLiterature, Science & researchpost-classical-500-1500-c-echinaliterature science-research
The city-state of Xochicalco is founded in modern-day Mexico
The city-state of Xochicalco is founded in modern-day Mexico~650 C.E.MexicoCivilizationpost-classical-500-1500-c-emexicocivilization
The Chinese of the Tang Dynasty invent the banknote
The Chinese of the Tang Dynasty invent the banknote~650 C.E.ChinaFinance, Tradepost-classical-500-1500-c-echinafinance trade
The Giant Wild Goose Pagoda of modern-day Xian, China is completed
The Giant Wild Goose Pagoda of modern-day Xian, China is completed652 C.E.ChinaArchitecturepost-classical-500-1500-c-echinaarchitecture
Photo by Najua Romanova on Unsplash
The settlement of Vijayapura flourishes on Borneo~650 C.E. ???Brunei, MalaysiaKingdoms & empirepost-classical-500-1500-c-ebrunei malaysiakingdoms-empire
The Kalingga Kingdom flourishes in central Java
The Kalingga Kingdom flourishes in central Java675 C.E., 675 C.E., 675 C.E.IndonesiaKingdoms & empirepost-classical-500-1500-c-eindonesiakingdoms-empire
The First Bulgarian Empire comes to power
The First Bulgarian Empire comes to power681 C.E.BulgariaCivilizationpost-classical-500-1500-c-ebulgariacivilization
Wu Zetian becomes first female emperor of China
Wu Zetian becomes first female emperor of China690 C.E.ChinaGovernment, Kingdoms & empire, Women's rightspost-classical-500-1500-c-echinagovernment kingdoms-empire womens-rights
The Dunhuang Star map -  the world's oldest complete preserved star map - is created
The Dunhuang Star map – the world's oldest complete preserved star map – is created~700 C.E.ChinaAstronomy & Space Explorationpost-classical-500-1500-c-echinaastronomy-space-exploration
Ummayad Caliphate expands to the Maghreb and Iberia
Ummayad Caliphate expands to the Maghreb and Iberia~720 C.E.Algeria, Libya, Morocco, TunisiaKingdoms & empirepost-classical-500-1500-c-ealgeria libya morocco tunisiakingdoms-empire
Kaiyuan Za Bao, perhaps the world's first magazine is published for the first time in China
Kaiyuan Za Bao, perhaps the world's first magazine is published for the first time in China~750 C.E. ???ChinaLiteraturepost-classical-500-1500-c-echinaliterature
The Abbasid Caliphate begins in the Islamic world
The Abbasid Caliphate begins in the Islamic world750 C.E.IraqCivilizationpost-classical-500-1500-c-eiraqcivilization
The Heian period begins in modern-day Japan
The Heian period begins in modern-day Japan794 C.E.JapanArt & Entertainment, Culture, Literaturepost-classical-500-1500-c-ejapanart-entertainment culture literature
Padmasambhava composes the Bardo Thodol, the Tibetan Book of the Dead
Padmasambhava composes the Bardo Thodol, the Tibetan Book of the Dead~800 C.E.Literature, Religionpost-classical-500-1500-c-eliterature religion
The Plains Indians begin their purification ceremonies held in sweat lodges
The Plains Indians begin their purification ceremonies held in sweat lodges~800 C.E. ???United StatesIndigenous rightspost-classical-500-1500-c-eunited-statesindigenous-rights
Photo by Jezael Melgoza on Unsplash
Mayans begin construction of pyramid of Kukulcan at Chich’en Itza in modern-day Mexico~800 C.E.MexicoArchitecture, Civilization, Culturepost-classical-500-1500-c-emexicoarchitecture civilization culture
Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī publishes The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing
Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī publishes The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing~820 C.E.IraqNumbers & mathpost-classical-500-1500-c-eiraqnumbers-math
Gunpowder is invented in China
Gunpowder is invented in China~850 C.E.Chinapost-classical-500-1500-c-echina
Humans of the Sailendra Dynasty in modern-day Indonesia complete Borobudur, the world's largest Buddhist temple
Humans of the Sailendra Dynasty in modern-day Indonesia complete Borobudur, the world's largest Buddhist temple~850 C.E.IndonesiaArchitecture, Religionpost-classical-500-1500-c-eindonesiaarchitecture religion
Photo by Sébastien Goldberg on Unsplash
The Pagan Kingdom rises to power in modern-day Myanmar850 C.E.MyanmarKingdoms & empirepost-classical-500-1500-c-emyanmarkingdoms-empire
Islet construction begins at Nan Madol in modern-day Micronesia
Islet construction begins at Nan Madol in modern-day Micronesia~850 C.E. ???MicronesiaArchitecture, Citiespost-classical-500-1500-c-emicronesiaarchitecture cities
By Anderson sady - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=40603758
The University of Al-Karaouine, founded by a Muslim woman, becomes the world’s first university859 C.E.MoroccoEducationpost-classical-500-1500-c-emoroccoeducation
The University of Al-Karaouine, founded by a Muslim woman, becomes the world's first university
The University of Al-Karaouine, founded by a Muslim woman, becomes the world's first university859 C.E.MoroccoEducationpost-classical-500-1500-c-emoroccoeducation
Vikings discover Iceland
Vikings discover Iceland~874 C.E. ???IcelandDiscovery & explorationpost-classical-500-1500-c-eicelanddiscovery-exploration
The Moors complete the Alhambra in Granada, Spain
The Moors complete the Alhambra in Granada, Spain889 C.E.SpainArchitecturepost-classical-500-1500-c-espainarchitecture
The Norse settle Greenland
The Norse settle Greenland~925 C.E. ???GreenlandCivilization, Discovery & explorationpost-classical-500-1500-c-egreenlandcivilization discovery-exploration
The Goryeo Kingdom unites much of the Korean Peninsula
The Goryeo Kingdom unites much of the Korean Peninsula936 C.E.post-classical-500-1500-c-e
The Song Dynasty begins in modern-day China
The Song Dynasty begins in modern-day China960 C.E.ChinaCivilizationpost-classical-500-1500-c-echinacivilization
Photo by Victor B. on Unsplash
The Viking Age begins in Scandinavia793 C.E.Denmark, Finland, Norway, SwedenCulturepost-classical-500-1500-c-edenmark finland norway swedenculture
Charlemagne is crowned Holy Roman Emperor
Charlemagne is crowned Holy Roman Emperor800 C.E.Civilization, Militarypost-classical-500-1500-c-ecivilization military
The ancient Chinese of the Tang Dynasty invent fireworks
The ancient Chinese of the Tang Dynasty invent fireworks~850 C.E.ChinaArt & Entertainment, Technologypost-classical-500-1500-c-echinaart-entertainment technology
Photo by Darrell Chaddock on Unsplash
The city of Bukhara in modern-day Uzbekistan becomes a major trade and intellectual center of the Muslim world~850 C.E.UzbekistanEducation, Tradepost-classical-500-1500-c-euzbekistaneducation trade
The Peace and Truce of God movement to contain violent feuding emerges in Europe
The Peace and Truce of God movement to contain violent feuding emerges in Europe989 C.E.Peace, Religionpost-classical-500-1500-c-epeace religion
Ibn al-Haytham writes Book of Optics
Ibn al-Haytham writes Book of Optics~1005 C.E.EgyptLiterature, Science & researchpost-classical-500-1500-c-eegyptliterature science-research
The settlers of Rapa Nui (Easter Island) create hundreds of moia, their famous stone statues
The settlers of Rapa Nui (Easter Island) create hundreds of moia, their famous stone statues~1000 C.E.post-classical-500-1500-c-e
The Lý dynasty flourishes in modern-day Vietnam
The Lý dynasty flourishes in modern-day Vietnam1009 C.E.VietnamKingdoms & empirepost-classical-500-1500-c-evietnamkingdoms-empire
Ibn Sina publishes The Canon of Medicine
Ibn Sina publishes The Canon of Medicine1025 C.E.IranLiterature, Medicine, Public healthpost-classical-500-1500-c-eiranliterature medicine public-health
Photo by David Dvořáček on Unsplash
The Faroe Islands become a part of the Kingdom of Norway1035 C.E.Denmark, NorwayKingdoms & empirepost-classical-500-1500-c-edenmark norwaykingdoms-empire
Bi Sheng of China's Song Dynasty invents movable type
Bi Sheng of China's Song Dynasty invents movable type1040 C.E.ChinaCommunication, Technologypost-classical-500-1500-c-echinacommunication technology
Construction begins at the Grand Ball Court of Chichen Itza
Construction begins at the Grand Ball Court of Chichen Itza~1050 C.E.MexicoArchitecture, Athletics & sportpost-classical-500-1500-c-emexicoarchitecture athletics-sport
The Kingdom of Polonnaruwa flourishes in modern-day Sri Lanka
The Kingdom of Polonnaruwa flourishes in modern-day Sri Lanka~1050 C.E.Sri LankaKingdoms & empirepost-classical-500-1500-c-esri-lankakingdoms-empire
Inuit culture emerges in the Arctic
Inuit culture emerges in the Arctic~1050 C.E. ???Canada, Greenland, Unceded Indigenous Territories of Canada, United StatesCulturepost-classical-500-1500-c-ecanada greenland unceded-indigenous-territories-of-canada united-statesculture
Early versions of the Bessemer process for producing steel are invented in East Asia
Early versions of the Bessemer process for producing steel are invented in East Asia~1050 C.E. ???ChinaTechnologypost-classical-500-1500-c-echinatechnology
The Chinese of the Song Dynasty invent dry docks
The Chinese of the Song Dynasty invent dry docks~1050 C.E. ???ChinaTechnology, Transportationpost-classical-500-1500-c-echinatechnology transportation
The Chinese of the Song Dynasty invent the fire lance
The Chinese of the Song Dynasty invent the fire lance~1050 C.E.ChinaMilitary, Technologypost-classical-500-1500-c-echinamilitary technology
Merchant guilds begin to form across Europe
Merchant guilds begin to form across Europe~1075 C.E.post-classical-500-1500-c-e
The Vazimba kingdoms emerge in the central highlands of Madagascar
The Vazimba kingdoms emerge in the central highlands of Madagascar~1100 C.E. ???MadagascarKingdoms & empirepost-classical-500-1500-c-emadagascarkingdoms-empire
By Laura SA, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2182725
The Kingdom of Mapungubwe thrives in modern-day South Africa1100 C.E.South AfricaKingdoms & empirepost-classical-500-1500-c-esouth-africakingdoms-empire
Dagomba culture emerges in modern-day northern Ghana
Dagomba culture emerges in modern-day northern Ghana~1100 C.E. ???GhanaCulturepost-classical-500-1500-c-eghanaculture
Aja migrants found the Great Ardra kingdom in modern-day Benin
Aja migrants found the Great Ardra kingdom in modern-day Benin1100 C.E.BeninKingdoms & empirepost-classical-500-1500-c-ebeninkingdoms-empire
Construction of Angkor Wat, massive Hindu temple in modern-day Cambodia, begins
Construction of Angkor Wat, massive Hindu temple in modern-day Cambodia, begins~1110 C.E.Religionpost-classical-500-1500-c-ereligion
The University of Oxford, oldest in the English-speaking world, is founded
The University of Oxford, oldest in the English-speaking world, is founded~1117 C.E.United KingdomEducationpost-classical-500-1500-c-eunited-kingdomeducation
Timbuktu in modern-day Mali becomes a permanent settlement
Timbuktu in modern-day Mali becomes a permanent settlement~1125 C.E.MaliCitiespost-classical-500-1500-c-emalicities
The Chinese of the Song Dynasty invent the fishing reel
The Chinese of the Song Dynasty invent the fishing reel~1150 C.E. ???ChinaFood & diet, Technologypost-classical-500-1500-c-echinafood-diet technology
The Hanseatic League is formed, marking a new period of trade and economic development in Europe
The Hanseatic League is formed, marking a new period of trade and economic development in Europe1158 C.E.Tradepost-classical-500-1500-c-etrade
Construction begins at Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris
Construction begins at Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris1160 C.E.FranceArchitecturepost-classical-500-1500-c-efrancearchitecture
Samurai warriors rise to power in Japan
Samurai warriors rise to power in Japan~1185 C.E.JapanCulturepost-classical-500-1500-c-ejapanculture
The Arawak people arrive on and settle the island of Hispaniola
The Arawak people arrive on and settle the island of Hispaniola~1200 C.E.Dominican Republic, HaitiMigration & Settlementpost-classical-500-1500-c-edominican-republic haitimigration-settlement
The Kingdom of Benin flourishes in modern-day Benin
The Kingdom of Benin flourishes in modern-day Benin~1200 C.E.BeninKingdoms & empirepost-classical-500-1500-c-ebeninkingdoms-empire
Genghis Khan unites the Mongols, creating the Mongol Empire
Genghis Khan unites the Mongols, creating the Mongol Empire1206 C.E.MongoliaKingdoms & empirepost-classical-500-1500-c-emongoliakingdoms-empire
Genghis Khan establishes the Mongol code of ethics, the Yassa
Genghis Khan establishes the Mongol code of ethics, the Yassa~1206 C.E.post-classical-500-1500-c-e
Ismail al-Jazari publishes The Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices
Ismail al-Jazari publishes The Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices1206 C.E.Syria, TurkeyLiterature, Technologypost-classical-500-1500-c-esyria turkeyliterature technology
The University of Cambridge is founded
The University of Cambridge is founded1209 C.E.United KingdomEducationpost-classical-500-1500-c-eunited-kingdomeducation
An unknown author completes Færeyinga Saga
An unknown author completes Færeyinga Saga~1210 C.E. ???Denmark, Iceland, NorwayLiteraturepost-classical-500-1500-c-edenmark iceland norwayliterature
The Mali Empire comes into power in West Africa
The Mali Empire comes into power in West Africa~1230 C.E.MaliCivilization, Government, Kingdoms & empirepost-classical-500-1500-c-emalicivilization government kingdoms-empire
Construction begins at Westminster Abbey
Construction begins at Westminster Abbey1245 C.E.United KingdomArchitecture, Religionpost-classical-500-1500-c-eunited-kingdomarchitecture religion
The Taíno people settle Cuba
The Taíno people settle Cuba~1250 C.E. ???CubaMigration & Settlementpost-classical-500-1500-c-ecubamigration-settlement
Scottish army, led by William Wallace, defeats the English at the Battle of Sterling Bridge
Scottish army, led by William Wallace, defeats the English at the Battle of Sterling Bridge1297 C.E.Scotland, United KingdomRevolutionpost-classical-500-1500-c-escotland united-kingdomrevolution
Marco Polo publishes his tales of his journey to China
Marco Polo publishes his tales of his journey to China1298 C.E.China, ItalyDiscovery & exploration, Literaturepost-classical-500-1500-c-echina italydiscovery-exploration literature
The Ottoman Empire begins in modern-day Turkey
The Ottoman Empire begins in modern-day Turkey1299 C.E.TurkeyCivilizationpost-classical-500-1500-c-eturkeycivilization
Humans of Holland invent wooden clogs
Humans of Holland invent wooden clogs~1300 C.E. ???The NetherlandsClothingpost-classical-500-1500-c-ethe-netherlandsclothing
Humans discover the islands currently known as New Zealand
Humans discover the islands currently known as New Zealand~1300 C.E. ???New ZealandDiscovery & explorationpost-classical-500-1500-c-enew-zealanddiscovery-exploration
The Majapahit Empire flourishes on Java
The Majapahit Empire flourishes on Java~1300 C.E.IndonesiaKingdoms & empirepost-classical-500-1500-c-eindonesiakingdoms-empire
Celtic mythology compiled in The Mabinogion
Celtic mythology compiled in The Mabinogion~1350 C.E.Ireland, United Kingdom, WalesLiterature, Mythology & folklorepost-classical-500-1500-c-eireland united-kingdom walesliterature mythology-folklore
The Maori people emerge in modern day New Zealand
The Maori people emerge in modern day New Zealand~1350 C.E. ???New ZealandCulturepost-classical-500-1500-c-enew-zealandculture
Muhammad Shah establishes the Sultanate of Brunei
Muhammad Shah establishes the Sultanate of Brunei1363 C.E.BruneiKingdoms & empirepost-classical-500-1500-c-ebruneikingdoms-empire
Ibn Khaldun publishes Muqaddimah, laying critical foundations for history, sociology, economics, and more
Ibn Khaldun publishes Muqaddimah, laying critical foundations for history, sociology, economics, and more~1375 C.E.Religionpost-classical-500-1500-c-ereligion
Population of the Bahamas grows to nearly 40,000
Population of the Bahamas grows to nearly 40,000~1400 C.E.The BahamasMigration & Settlementpost-classical-500-1500-c-ethe-bahamasmigration-settlement
Gersonides invents the Jacob's staff
Gersonides invents the Jacob's staff1400 C.E.FranceTechnologypost-classical-500-1500-c-efrancetechnology
Photo by Dave Monte on Unsplash
Three city-states combine to form Aztec Triple Alliance, consolidating power in Mesoamerica1428 C.E.post-classical-500-1500-c-e
The Songhai Empire rises to power in the western Sahel
The Songhai Empire rises to power in the western Sahel1430 C.E.Mali, NigerKingdoms & empirepost-classical-500-1500-c-emali nigerkingdoms-empire
Under the leadership of Manco Cápac, the Inca form the small city-state Kingdom of Cusco
Under the leadership of Manco Cápac, the Inca form the small city-state Kingdom of Cusco1438 C.E.PeruCivilization, Kingdoms & empirepost-classical-500-1500-c-eperucivilization kingdoms-empire
Johannes Gutenberg invents the printing press
Johannes Gutenberg invents the printing press1440 C.E.GermanyTechnologypost-classical-500-1500-c-egermanytechnology
By metalslick - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=63996191
Sejong the Great creates the Korean alphabet1443 C.E.North Korea, South KoreaCommunication, Languagepost-classical-500-1500-c-enorth-korea south-koreacommunication language
The Mohawk, Onondaga, Oneida, Cayuga, and Seneca peoples form the Iroquois Confederation
The Mohawk, Onondaga, Oneida, Cayuga, and Seneca peoples form the Iroquois Confederation~1450 C.E.Canada, Unceded Indigenous Territories of Canada, United StatesInternational cooperation, Nationspost-classical-500-1500-c-ecanada unceded-indigenous-territories-of-canada united-statesinternational-cooperation nations
Incas construct Macchu Picchu
Incas construct Macchu Picchu~1450 C.E.PeruCivilizationpost-classical-500-1500-c-eperucivilization
Migrating Bantu peoples establish the Maravi Confederacy in modern-day Malawi
Migrating Bantu peoples establish the Maravi Confederacy in modern-day Malawi1480 C.E.MalawiKingdoms & empirepost-classical-500-1500-c-emalawikingdoms-empire
Christopher Columbus arrives in the Americas
Christopher Columbus arrives in the Americas1492 C.E.Discovery & exploration, Migration & Settlementpost-classical-500-1500-c-ediscovery-exploration migration-settlement
Spanish colonists found the city of Santo Domingo
Spanish colonists found the city of Santo Domingo1496 C.E.Dominican RepublicCitiespost-classical-500-1500-c-edominican-republiccities
Construction begins of Incan sacred site Machu Picchu
Construction begins of Incan sacred site Machu Picchu1500 C.E.modernity-1500-1945-c-e
Rodrigo de Bastidas becomes the first European to explore the Isthmus of Panama
Rodrigo de Bastidas becomes the first European to explore the Isthmus of Panama1501 C.E.Panama, SpainDiscovery & explorationmodernity-1500-1945-c-epanama spaindiscovery-exploration
Hieronymus Bosch paints "The Garden of Earthly Delights"
Hieronymus Bosch paints “The Garden of Earthly Delights”1504 C.E.The NetherlandsArt & Entertainmentmodernity-1500-1945-c-ethe-netherlandsart-entertainment
Michelangelo begins painting frescoes on ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
Michelangelo begins painting frescoes on ceiling of the Sistine Chapel1508 C.E.modernity-1500-1945-c-e
Leonardo da Vinci paints the Mona Lisa
Leonardo da Vinci paints the Mona Lisa~1510 C.E.ItalyArt & Entertainmentmodernity-1500-1945-c-eitalyart-entertainment
Raphael completes his painting The School of Athens
Raphael completes his painting The School of Athens1511 C.E.ItalyArt & Entertainmentmodernity-1500-1945-c-eitalyart-entertainment
Copernicus discovers that Earth orbits the Sun
Copernicus discovers that Earth orbits the Sun~1514 C.E.Science & researchmodernity-1500-1945-c-escience-research
Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar founds the city of Havana
Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar founds the city of Havana1514 C.E.CubaCities, Migration & Settlementmodernity-1500-1945-c-ecubacities migration-settlement
The Safavid dynasty flourishes in modern-day Iran
The Safavid dynasty flourishes in modern-day Iran~1515 C.E.IranKingdoms & empiremodernity-1500-1945-c-eirankingdoms-empire
Martin Luther composes his "95 Theses" disrupting dogma and domination of the Catholic Church
Martin Luther composes his “95 Theses” disrupting dogma and domination of the Catholic Church1517 C.E.modernity-1500-1945-c-e
The reign of Gustav I marks the beginnings of the modern Swedish state
The reign of Gustav I marks the beginnings of the modern Swedish state1523 C.E.SwedenKingdoms & empiremodernity-1500-1945-c-eswedenkingdoms-empire
Johannes Schöner becomes the first person to include Terra Australis on their globe
Johannes Schöner becomes the first person to include Terra Australis on their globe1523 C.E.GermanyDiscovery & explorationmodernity-1500-1945-c-egermanydiscovery-exploration
The Portuguese become the first Europeans to visit modern-day Micronesia
The Portuguese become the first Europeans to visit modern-day Micronesia1525 C.E.MicronesiaDiscovery & explorationmodernity-1500-1945-c-emicronesiadiscovery-exploration
Universidad de Santo Tomás de Aquino, the first university in the New World, is founded
Universidad de Santo Tomás de Aquino, the first university in the New World, is founded1538 C.E.Dominican RepublicEducationmodernity-1500-1945-c-edominican-republiceducation
Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca becomes first European to travel to Iguazú Falls
Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca becomes first European to travel to Iguazú Falls1541 C.E.Argentina, BrazilDiscovery & explorationmodernity-1500-1945-c-eargentina brazildiscovery-exploration
By The original uploader was Technopilgrim at English Wikipedia. - Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons., CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2526989
The town of Punakha is founded in modern-day Bhutan1577 C.E.BhutanCitiesmodernity-1500-1945-c-ebhutancities
Spanish settlers found Tegucigalpa, now the capital and largest city of Honduras
Spanish settlers found Tegucigalpa, now the capital and largest city of Honduras1578 C.E.HondurasCities, Migration & Settlementmodernity-1500-1945-c-ehondurascities migration-settlement
Zacharias and Hans Jansen invent the compound microscope
Zacharias and Hans Jansen invent the compound microscope1595 C.E.The NetherlandsScience & researchmodernity-1500-1945-c-ethe-netherlandsscience-research
By Bernard Gagnon - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3686601
The Betsileo kingdoms emerge in Madagascar~1600 C.E. ???MadagascarKingdoms & empiremodernity-1500-1945-c-emadagascarkingdoms-empire
Shakespeare writes Hamlet, one of the most influential pieces of literature in history
Shakespeare writes Hamlet, one of the most influential pieces of literature in history~1600 C.E.United KingdomLiteraturemodernity-1500-1945-c-eunited-kingdomliterature
San Marino officially adopts world's first constitution
San Marino officially adopts world’s first constitution1600 C.E.modernity-1500-1945-c-e
The Kingdom of Dahomey flourishes in modern-day Benin
The Kingdom of Dahomey flourishes in modern-day Benin1600 C.E.BeninKingdoms & empiremodernity-1500-1945-c-ebeninkingdoms-empire
The Thiên Mụ Pagoda (or Pagoda of the Celestial Lady) is built in Huế, Vietnam
The Thiên Mụ Pagoda (or Pagoda of the Celestial Lady) is built in Huế, Vietnam1601 C.E., 1601 C.E., 1601 C.E.VietnamArchitecturemodernity-1500-1945-c-evietnamarchitecture
John Napier publicly propounds the method of logarithms
John Napier publicly propounds the method of logarithms1614 C.E.ScotlandNumbers & mathmodernity-1500-1945-c-escotlandnumbers-math
Miguel de Cervantes publishes Don Quixote, the first modern novel
Miguel de Cervantes publishes Don Quixote, the first modern novel1615 C.E.SpainLiteraturemodernity-1500-1945-c-espainliterature
The compound microscope is invented in Europe
The compound microscope is invented in Europe~1620 C.E.Science & research, Technologymodernity-1500-1945-c-escience-research technology
Wilhelm Schickard invents the mechanical calculator
Wilhelm Schickard invents the mechanical calculator1623 C.E.GermanyNumbers & math, Technologymodernity-1500-1945-c-egermanynumbers-math technology
Johannes Kepler publishes his three laws of planetary motion (1619 - 1629 C.E.)
Johannes Kepler publishes his three laws of planetary motion (1619 – 1629 C.E.)1619 - 1629 C.E.GermanyAstronomy & Space Exploration, Science & researchmodernity-1500-1945-c-egermanyastronomy-space-exploration science-research
Galileo Galilei makes key observations of physics and astronomy, laying the foundation for modern science
Galileo Galilei makes key observations of physics and astronomy, laying the foundation for modern science1630 C.E.ItalyAstronomy & Space Exploration, Physics, Science & researchmodernity-1500-1945-c-eitalyastronomy-space-exploration physics science-research
Abel Tasman becomes first European to explore New Zealand
Abel Tasman becomes first European to explore New Zealand1642 C.E.New Zealand, The NetherlandsDiscovery & explorationmodernity-1500-1945-c-enew-zealand the-netherlandsdiscovery-exploration
Hobbes publishes Leviathan, a seminal philosophical text
Hobbes publishes Leviathan, a seminal philosophical text1651 C.E.United KingdomGovernment, Philosophymodernity-1500-1945-c-eunited-kingdomgovernment philosophy
Shah Jahan completes construction of the Taj Mahal
Shah Jahan completes construction of the Taj Mahal1653 C.E.IndiaArchitecturemodernity-1500-1945-c-eindiaarchitecture
Robert Hooke discovers cells
Robert Hooke discovers cells1665 C.E.United KingdomScience & researchmodernity-1500-1945-c-eunited-kingdomscience-research
By Himasaram - Data from FOTWThis W3C-unspecified vector image was created with Inkscape., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1049568
The Ashanti Empire emerges in modern-day Ghana1670 C.E.GhanaKingdoms & empiremodernity-1500-1945-c-eghanakingdoms-empire
British noblemen found Charles Town, to be come Nassau, in the Bahamas
British noblemen found Charles Town, to be come Nassau, in the Bahamas1670 C.E.The BahamasCities, Migration & Settlementmodernity-1500-1945-c-ethe-bahamascities migration-settlement
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek observes microorganisms, perhaps for the first time in history
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek observes microorganisms, perhaps for the first time in history1675 C.E.Science & researchmodernity-1500-1945-c-escience-research
Ole Rømer demonstrates that the speed of light is finite, for the first time
Ole Rømer demonstrates that the speed of light is finite, for the first time1676 C.E.DenmarkScience & researchmodernity-1500-1945-c-edenmarkscience-research
Isaac Newton publishes Principia Mathematica, sparking a new epoch in our understanding of physics
Isaac Newton publishes Principia Mathematica, sparking a new epoch in our understanding of physics1687 C.E.Science & researchmodernity-1500-1945-c-escience-research
Bartolomeo Cristofori invents the piano
Bartolomeo Cristofori invents the piano~1700 C.E.ItalyMusic, Technologymodernity-1500-1945-c-eitalymusic technology
Edmond Halley predicts the return of the world's most famous comet
Edmond Halley predicts the return of the world’s most famous comet1705 C.E.United KingdomAstronomy & Space Explorationmodernity-1500-1945-c-eunited-kingdomastronomy-space-exploration
United Kingdom formally comes together as a unified sovereign state
United Kingdom formally comes together as a unified sovereign state1707 C.E.Scotland, United Kingdommodernity-1500-1945-c-escotland united-kingdom
Pu Songling completes Strange Stories from a Chinese Studio, one of the great pieces of Chinese literature
Pu Songling completes Strange Stories from a Chinese Studio, one of the great pieces of Chinese literature1740 C.E.ChinaLiteraturemodernity-1500-1945-c-echinaliterature
The Emirate of Diriyah, the first Saudi state, is founded
The Emirate of Diriyah, the first Saudi state, is founded1744 C.E.Saudi ArabiaNationsmodernity-1500-1945-c-esaudi-arabianations
William Cullen invents the first artificial refrigeration machine
William Cullen invents the first artificial refrigeration machine1755 C.E.United KingdomFood & diet, Public health, Technologymodernity-1500-1945-c-eunited-kingdomfood-diet public-health technology
James Watts invents the steam engine
James Watts invents the steam engine1765 C.E.United KingdomScience & researchmodernity-1500-1945-c-eunited-kingdomscience-research
Territory of the Kingdom of Nepal in 1808 map
King Prithvi Narayan Shah founds the Kindgom of Nepal1768 C.E.NepalKingdoms & empiremodernity-1500-1945-c-enepalkingdoms-empire
The Qianlong Emperor orders the creation of the Siku Quanshu
The Qianlong Emperor orders the creation of the Siku Quanshu1772 C.E.ChinaLiteraturemodernity-1500-1945-c-echinaliterature
By Lemuel Francis Abbott - 1. www.gtj.org.uk2. Art UK, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2593498
John Wilkinson invents a boring machine that becomes perhaps humanity’s first machine tool1774 C.E.United KingdomTechnologymodernity-1500-1945-c-eunited-kingdomtechnology
Adam Smith publishes "The Wealth of Nations" driving the rise of capitalism
Adam Smith publishes “The Wealth of Nations” driving the rise of capitalism1776 C.E.modernity-1500-1945-c-e
Constitutional Convention convenes in Philadelphia, marking new era of democracy
Constitutional Convention convenes in Philadelphia, marking new era of democracy1787 C.E.United Statesmodernity-1500-1945-c-eunited-states
Photo by Anthony Garand on Unsplash
The United States Constitution is ratified1788 C.E.United StatesDemocracy, Governmentmodernity-1500-1945-c-eunited-statesdemocracy government
Thomas Saint invents the sewing machine
Thomas Saint invents the sewing machine1790 C.E.United KingdomTechnologymodernity-1500-1945-c-eunited-kingdomtechnology
Cao Xueqin's Dream of the Red Chamber, perhaps China's greatest novel, is published
Cao Xueqin’s Dream of the Red Chamber, perhaps China’s greatest novel, is published1791 C.E.ChinaLiteraturemodernity-1500-1945-c-echinaliterature
Thomas Paine publishes Rights of Man
Thomas Paine publishes Rights of Man1791 C.E.United StatesHuman rights, Literature, Revolutionmodernity-1500-1945-c-eunited-stateshuman-rights literature revolution
Mozart begins works on his famous "Requiem"
Mozart begins works on his famous “Requiem”1791 C.E.AustriaMusicmodernity-1500-1945-c-eaustriamusic
Eli Whitney patents the cotton gin, revolutionizing the production of cotton
Eli Whitney patents the cotton gin, revolutionizing the production of cotton1794 C.E.United Statesmodernity-1500-1945-c-eunited-states
Joseph Bramah invents the hydraulic press
Joseph Bramah invents the hydraulic press1795 C.E.United KingdomTechnologymodernity-1500-1945-c-eunited-kingdomtechnology
The Japanese surgeon Hanaoka Seishū is the first to use general anaesthesia
The Japanese surgeon Hanaoka Seishū is the first to use general anaesthesia1796 C.E.JapanPublic health, Science & research, Technologymodernity-1500-1945-c-ejapanpublic-health science-research technology
Samuel Bentham invents plywood
Samuel Bentham invents plywood1797 C.E.United KingdomTechnologymodernity-1500-1945-c-eunited-kingdomtechnology
Alessandro Volta invents the voltaic pile, the world's first battery
Alessandro Volta invents the voltaic pile, the world’s first battery1800 C.E.Clean & renewable energy, Science & researchmodernity-1500-1945-c-eclean-renewable-energy science-research
The Holy Roman Emperor Francis II founds the Austrian Empire
The Holy Roman Emperor Francis II founds the Austrian Empire1804 C.E.Austria, Germany, HungaryKingdoms & empiremodernity-1500-1945-c-eaustria germany hungarykingdoms-empire
Hanaoka Seishū creates tsūsensan, the first modern general anesthetic
Hanaoka Seishū creates tsūsensan, the first modern general anesthetic1804 C.E.JapanPublic health, Technologymodernity-1500-1945-c-ejapanpublic-health technology
The British Empires abolishes the slave trade
The British Empires abolishes the slave trade1807 C.E.United KingdomGovernment, Human rights, Racial justicemodernity-1500-1945-c-eunited-kingdomgovernment human-rights racial-justice
Nicolas Appert invents canning, revolutionizing food storage
Nicolas Appert invents canning, revolutionizing food storage1809 C.E.FranceFood & diet, Public health, Science & research, Technologymodernity-1500-1945-c-efrancefood-diet public-health science-research technology
By https://wellcomeimages.org/indexplus/obf_images/49/d0/402109cb6bf2c4cf565d7db23a7c.jpgGallery: https://wellcomeimages.org/indexplus/image/L0033032.html, CC BY 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=36059310
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck publishes Philosophie Zoologique, the first truly cohesive theory of biological evolution1809 C.E.FranceScience & researchmodernity-1500-1945-c-efrancescience-research
Bolivia declares independence from Spain
Bolivia declares independence from Spain1809 C.E.BoliviaNationsmodernity-1500-1945-c-ebolivianations
Modern football, or soccer, begins to become officially codified for the first time
Modern football, or soccer, begins to become officially codified for the first time~1810 C.E.United KingdomAthletics & sportmodernity-1500-1945-c-eunited-kingdomathletics-sport
Three Italians invent early iterations of the typewriter
Three Italians invent early iterations of the typewriter~1810 C.E.modernity-1500-1945-c-e
Paraguay declares independence from Spain
Paraguay declares independence from Spain1811 C.E.ParaguayNationsmodernity-1500-1945-c-eparaguaynations
Norway adopts its Constitution
Norway adopts its Constitution1814 C.E.NorwayGovernmentmodernity-1500-1945-c-enorwaygovernment
By Juan Lepiani (1864-1933) - Imagen fotografiada y subida por Discjockey, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1755564
The Congress of Tucumán declares Argentina’s independence1816 C.E.ArgentinaNationsmodernity-1500-1945-c-eargentinanations
German inventor Karl von Drais invents the bicycle
German inventor Karl von Drais invents the bicycle1817 C.E.GermanyTransportationmodernity-1500-1945-c-egermanytransportation
Russian explorers Bellingshausen and Lazarev are first confirmed to sight Antarctica
Russian explorers Bellingshausen and Lazarev are first confirmed to sight Antarctica1820 C.E.RussiaDiscovery & explorationmodernity-1500-1945-c-erussiadiscovery-exploration