Georgetown is now the country’s capital and largest urban center. It is situated on the Atlantic Ocean coast at the mouth of the Demerara River and it was nicknamed the “Garden City of the Caribbean.”
n 1616 the Dutch established the first European settlement in the area of Guyana, a trading post twenty-five kilometers upstream from the mouth of the Essequibo River. Other settlements followed, usually a few kilometers inland on the larger rivers.
Antigua was first settled by pre-agricultural Amerindians known as “Archaic People” (although they are commonly, but erroneously known in Antigua as Siboney, a pre-ceramic Cuban people). The earliest settlements on the island date to 2900 BC. They were succeeded by ceramic-using agriculturalist Saladoid people who migrated up the island chain from Venezuela.