Founded during the reign of Charles I of Spain, it was originally a seminary operated by Catholic monks of the Dominican Order. Later, the institution received a university charter by Pope Paul III’s papal bull.
Cambridge is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world and the world’s fourth-oldest surviving university.
There is no clear date of foundation, but teaching existed at Oxford in some form in 1096 and developed rapidly from 1167, when Henry II banned English students from attending the University of Paris.
Over the centuries, the University of Al-Karaouine became a key spiritual and educational center in the Muslim world.