Modernity (1500 - 1945 C.E.)

Flag of Madagascar

Madagascar declares independence from France

The Malagasy Republic was proclaimed in 1958 as an autonomous state within the French Community. A period of provisional government ended with the adoption of a constitution in 1959 and independence in 1960.

LebanonFlag

Lebanon declares independence from France

Lebanon gained independence in 1943, establishing confessionalism, a unique, Consociationalism-type of political system with a power-sharing mechanism based on religious communities.

Antigua stamp 1953

The Antigua Trades and Labour Union is formed

Poor labor conditions in Antigua and Barbuda persisted until 1939 when a member of a royal commission urged the formation of a trade union movement. The Antigua Trades and Labour Union, formed shortly afterward,

Petition slavery

The Rastafari movement thrives in Jamaica

Rastafarianism is an Abrahamic religion that developed in Jamaica during the 1930s. It is classified as both a new religious movement and a social movement by scholars of religion. There is no central authority in control of the movement and much diversity exists among practitioners.

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