Home 2020


Women’s rights group eliminates female genital mutilation in Kurdistan’s Garmiyan region

On International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), a women’s rights group active in the Kurdistan Region announced that zero cases of GM were reported in the Garmiyan Administration in 2019.

Donors make initial pledges of $857 million to fund UN refugee agency’s work in 2018

Donor governments on Tuesday pledged an initial $857 million to fund the United Nations refugee agency's work to help some 67 million displaced or stateless people worldwide in 2018.

Syria signs Paris climate agreement

Syria's decision brings to 197 the number of nations signed up to the landmark 2015 pact on global warming, the first in more than 20 years of UN negotiations to bind both developed and developing countries to a clear limit on temperature rises.

Ismail al-Jazari publishes The Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices

The Book describes 100 innovative mechanical devices, including the camshaft, some 80 of which are trick vessels of various kinds, along with instructions on how to construct them.

Oldest known song, “Hurrian Hymn No. 6”, composed in Ancient Sumeria

For the title of oldest extant song, most historians point to €œHurrian Hymn No. 6,€ an ode to the goddess Nikkal that was composed in cuneiform by the ancient Hurrians sometime around the 14th century B.C.

Phoenician civilization flourishes in the eastern Mediterranean

Phoenicia was an ancient civilization composed of independent city-states located along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea stretching through what is now Syria, Lebanon and northern Israel.

Damascus – perhaps the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world – is founded in modern-day Syria

Pottery from the 3rd millennium BCE has been discovered in the Old City of Damascus.

Humans make glass for the first time, perhaps in modern-day Syria

The ancient Roman historian Pliny suggested that Phoenician merchants had made the first glass in the region of Syria around 5000 BC. But according to the archaeological evidence, the first man made glass was in Eastern Mesopotamia and Egypt around 3500 BC.