Home 2020


Women’s rights group eliminates female genital mutilation in Kurdistan’s Garmiyan region

On International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), a women’s rights group active in the Kurdistan Region announced that zero cases of GM were reported in the Garmiyan Administration in 2019.

Iraq’s civilian death toll drops by nearly 80 percent

Iraq saw an 80% drop in civilian deaths in the first 5 months of 2018 compared to the same period last year, according to reports by the UN Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI) and the Iraq Body Count database.

Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī publishes The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing

Translated into Latin by Robert of Chester in 1145, it was used until the sixteenth century as the principal mathematical text-book of European universities. It also introduced the term "algebra" to European languages.

The Abbasid Caliphate begins in the Islamic world

The Abbasid Caliphate, which ruled most of the Muslim world from Baghdad in what is now Iraq, lasted from 750 to 1258 A.D.

Humans in ancient Iraq invent musical notation

The earliest form of musical notation can be found in a cuneiform tablet that was created at Nippur, in Sumer (today's Iraq), in about 1400 BC.

Babylonian astronomers create the world's first star catalogues

The earliest known star catalogues were compiled by the ancient Babylonian astronomers of Mesopotamia in the late 2nd millennium BC, during the Kassite Period (ca. 1531€“1155 BC).

Humans of ancient Sumer invent belt wrestling

A polished bone implement found at Eva in Tennessee, United States and dated to around 5000 BCE has been construed as a possible sporting device used in a "ring and pin" game.

Ancient Sumerians create clay tablets listing hundreds of medicinal plants

In Mesopotamia, the written study of herbs dates back over 5,000 years to the Sumerians, who created clay tablets with lists of hundreds of medicinal plants (such as myrrh and opium).

Eridu, perhaps the world’s first city, is founded in modern-day Iraq

Eridu was long considered the earliest city in southern Mesopotamia and is still today argued to be the oldest city in the world.