Honduras gained independence from Spain in 1821 and was a part of the First Mexican Empire until 1823, when it became part of the United Provinces of Central America. It has been an independent republic and has held regular elections since 1838.
Tegucigalpa was founded by Spanish settlers as Real de Minas de San Miguel de Tegucigalpa on September 29, 1578 on the site of an existing native settlement of the Pech, Tolupans and the Twahkas
A farming settlement from as early as 1000 BCE, Copán emerged as a major centre around 250 C.E. The traditional named founder of Copán, K’inich Yax K’uk Mo’, reigned from 426 C.E. to c. 437 C.E.