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Seven South American countries sign Amazon forest protection pact

Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, and Suriname signed a pact, setting up a disaster response network and satellite monitoring amid massive fires in the world's largest tropical forest.

Bolivia declares independence from Spain

After the 1st call for independence in 1809, 16 years of war followed before the establishment of the Bolivian Republic, named for the Liberator Simón Bolívar, on August 6, 1825.

The Tiwanuku empire emerges in modern-day Bolivia

Tiwanaku was one of the most significant Andean civilizations. Its influence extended into present-day Peru and Chile and lasted from around 550 to 1000 AD.

Humans of the Andes domesticate quinoa

Quinoa was first domesticated by Andean peoples around 3,000 to 4,000 years ago and has been an important staple in the Andean cultures.

Humans settled near Lake Titicaca domesticate the potato

Various cultures of indigenous peoples in Bolivia developed in the high altitude settings of altiplano, where they coped with low oxygen levels, poor soils and extreme weather patterns.

Humans settle in the high Andes

Comparing these DNA sequences revealed that the Andes' lowland and highland peoples split about 8,750 years ago, give or take a few centuries.