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Tango becomes a global sensation

Initially, it was just one of the many dances, but it soon became popular throughout society, as theatres and street barrel organs spread it from the suburbs to the working-class slums.

The Congress of Tucumán declares Argentina’s independence

The Congress was inaugurated in the city of Tucumán, with 33 deputies. The voting ended on July 9 with a declaration of independence.

Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca becomes first European to travel to Iguazú Falls

The first European to discover the Falls was the Spanish Conquistador Ãlvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca in 1541, after whom one of the falls on the Argentine side is named.

Humans of the Andes domesticate quinoa

Quinoa was first domesticated by Andean peoples around 3,000 to 4,000 years ago and has been an important staple in the Andean cultures.

Humans create “Cave of the Hands” in modern-day Argentina

An important site of prehistoric art in southern Argentina, Cueva de las Manos is a rock shelter which is famous for its collages of hand stencils and other handprints.

The Eldoradense culture emerges in modern-day Paraguay, Brazil, and Argentina, near Iguazú Falls

The area surrounding Iguazu Falls was inhabited 10,000 years ago by the hunter-gatherers of the Eldoradense culture.

Humans settle in the high Andes

Comparing these DNA sequences revealed that the Andes' lowland and highland peoples split about 8,750 years ago, give or take a few centuries.

Humans reach and settle Patagonia, the southern tip of South America in modern-day Argentina

Prehistory in the present territory of Argentina began with the first human settlements on the southern tip of Patagonia around 13,000 years ago.

The Aónikenk people emerge in modern-day Argentina

The Aónikenk people, better known by the exonym Tehuelche, are a group of indigenous peoples of Patagonia. They are widely believed to be the basis for the Patagones described by European explorers.