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Ummayad Caliphate expands to the Maghreb and Iberia

At its greatest extent, the Umayyad Caliphate covered 11,100,000 km2 and 33 million people, making it one of the largest empires in history

Masinissa founds the kingdom of Numidia

Numidia (202 BC €“ 40 BC, Berber: Inumiden) was an ancient Berber kingdom of the Numidians, located in what is now Algeria and a smaller part of Tunisia , Libya and Morocco in the Berber world.

Berber culture emerges in the Maghreb

The Berbers have occupied North Africa, specifically the Maghreb, since the beginning of recorded history and until the Islamic conquests of the 8th century CE constituted the dominant ethnic group in the Saharan region.