The initiative, known as the Great Green Wall, aims to reclaim 247 million acres of land by the year 2030 and create hundreds of thousands of jobs, while warding off the spread of the Sahara and combating the climate crisis.
In January 1959, Senegal and the French Sudan merged to form the Mali Federation, which became fully independent on 20 June 1960. The transfer of power agreement with France was signed on 4 April 1960.
The Cap-Vert peninsula was settled no later than the 15th century, by the Lebou people, an aquacultural ethnic group related to the neighboring Wolof and Serer. Dakar is now the capital and largest city of Senegal.
Hundreds of burial mounds have been found on the coast and in river estuaries of the Senegal, Saloum, Gambia, and Casamance rivers. 217 of these clusters have been identified in the Saloum Delta alone.