Poland

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Poland’s once-mighty coal industry is in retreat

Even though Poland produces more coal than any other nation in the European Union, the industry’s inefficiencies and plummeting global prices have reduced its 70 mines in 1990 to about 25 today; in that same period, the number of miners has plummeted from 388,000 to 80,000.

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The Piast dynasty comes to power in modern-day Poland

The Piast dynasty was the first historical ruling dynasty of Poland. The first documented Polish monarch was Duke Mieszko I. The Piasts’ royal rule in Poland ended in 1370 with the death of king Casimir III the Great.