The Malagasy Republic was proclaimed in 1958 as an autonomous state within the French Community. A period of provisional government ended with the adoption of a constitution in 1959 and independence in 1960.
The first period of Malagasy oral history is known as the Vazimba period, beginning with the Vazimbas’ establishment of kingdoms – often ruled by Queens – in the central Highlands region of Madagascar.
Archaeologists have estimated that the earliest settlers arrived from the Malay Archipelago between 250 BC and 550 AD, making Madagascar one of the last major landmasses on Earth to be settled by humans.
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