The regime was removed from power in 1979 when Vietnam invaded Cambodia and quickly destroyed most of the Khmer Rouge’s forces. Before this, the regime murdered hundreds of thousands of Cambodians and perpetrated genocide of Cambodian minorities.
Norodom Sihanouk’s “royal crusade for independence” resulted in grudging French acquiescence to his demands for a transfer of sovereignty. A partial agreement was struck in October 1953. Sihanouk then declared that independence had been achieved and returned in triumph to Phnom Penh.
The Khmer Empire, the predecessor state to modern Cambodia, was a Hindu-Buddhist empire in Southeast Asia. Its greatest legacy is Angkor which was the site of the capital city during the empire’s zenith.
Funan or Nokor Phnom was the name given by Chinese cartographers, geographers and writers to an ancient Indianised state—or, rather a loose network of states —located in mainland Southeast Asia centered on the Mekong Delta that existed from the first to sixth century CE.