Two of the oldest known literary works are the “Kesh Temple Hymn” and the “Instructions of Shuruppak,” both of which exist in written versions dating to around 2500 B.C.
Sumeria was the first civilization, created the first writing system, and had the first monarch.
Cuneiform is a system of writing first developed by the ancient Sumerians of Mesopotamia c. 3500-3000 BCE.
Uruk, however, is the only contender for the title of `oldest city’ which has physical evidence and written documentation, in the form of cuneiform texts, dating the activities of the community from the earliest period.
Beer is one of the oldest beverages humans have produced, dating back to at least the 5th millenium BC in Iran, and recorded in the written history of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia and was spread throughout world.
Agriculture began independently in different parts of the globe, and included a diverse range of taxa. At least eleven separate regions of the Old and New World were involved as independent centers of origin.