Without the enormous strength of the ox to pull heavy loads on wheels, life would have been significantly harder.
Archaeological evidence now indicates that pigs were domesticated at least twice, once in China’s Mekong valley and once in Anatolia, the region in modern-day Turkey.
Taking root around 12,000 years ago, agriculture triggered such a change in society and the way in which people lived that its development has been dubbed the “Neolithic Revolution.”
Goats (Capra hircus) were among the first domesticated animals, adapted from the wild bezoar ibex Capra aegargus in western Asia.
It is clear that people must have gotten to North America early enough for them to end up near the southern end of South America more than 14,000 years ago.
As of 2008, genetic findings suggest that a single population of modern humans migrated from southern Siberia toward the Bering Land Bridge as early as 30,000 years ago, and crossed over by 16,500 years ago.
Early humans formed an unlikely partnership with another animal—the grey wolf
Approximately 25,000 years ago, during the Upper Paleolithic period of the Stone Age, a small settlement was founded on the site of what is now Dolní Věstonice.
Central Europe’s prehistoric people would likely have been amused by today’s hand-sized hamburgers and hot dogs, since archaeologists have just uncovered a 29,000 B.C. well-equipped kitchen where roasted gigantic mammoth was one of the last meals served.
Impressions of cordage found on fired clay provide evidence of string and rope-making technology in Europe dating back 28,000 years.
A microlith is a small stone tool usually made of flint or chert and typically a centimetre or so in length and half a centimetre wide.
The Löwenmensch figurine or Lion-man of the Hohlenstein-Stadel is a prehistoric ivory sculpture that was discovered in the Hohlenstein-Stadel, a German cave in 1939.
One motif – a faint red dot – is said to be more than 40,000 years old.
The Griffith University professor Maxime Aubert and his team were able to determine that the Sulawesi paintings are, at minimum, 39,900 years old.
The human presence on the island dates back at least 40,000 years, to the oldest homo sapiens migrations out of Africa.
The world’s oldest fish hook has been unearthed at a site in East Timor, alongside evidence that modern humans were catching fish from the open ocean as far back as 42,000 years ago.
The first humans in Europe are thought to have appeared some 45,000 years ago.
The 7 centimetre (2 3/4 inch) needle was made and used by our long extinct Denisovan ancestors, a recently-discovered hominin species or subspecies.
They used carbon dating on nuggets of hearth charcoal and eggshells to discover that the shelter was first occupied about 50,000 years ago.
Some of the earliest arrowheads come from South Africa. As people spread from Africa to India, Australia, all over Asia, and Europe, they took their bows and arrows with them.
Researchers have found evidence that suggests the ancestors of Aboriginal Australians landed in the northern part of Australia at least 65,000 years ago.
A team of archaeologists has uncovered some of the world’s earliest shell ornaments in a limestone cave in Eastern Morocco.
At 90,000 years old, the material purported to be string predates the arrival of Homo sapiens in Europe.
The discovery of fire, or, more precisely, the controlled use of fire was, of necessity, one of the earliest of human discoveries.