Experimenting with life-lengthening elixirs around A.D. 850, Chinese alchemists instead discovered gunpowder.
Composed in hexameters, about 60 lines of which were left unfinished at his death, the Aeneid incorporates the various legends of Aeneas and makes him the founder of Roman greatness.
Whether myth, or based on a real early or even first ruler of Japan, Jimmu has an honored place in Japanese tradition.
Hannibal Barca is considered one of the greatest generals of antiquity and his tactics are still studied and used in the present day.
Greek language introduced Greek literature into the former Persian Empire, thereby influencing the philosophical thought and writing of the region
The Achaemenid Persian empire was the largest that the ancient world had seen, extending from Anatolia and Egypt across western Asia to northern India and Central Asia.
Homer is the earliest poet in Western culture whose works have survived intact.
Originally a small town on the banks of the Tiber, Rome grew in size and strength, early on, through trade.
Beijing City was established over 3,000 years ago and was called Jin City in the Western Zhou Dynasty (11th century BC – 771 BC).
The Iron Age began when iron replaced bronze as the most popular metal used for weapons.
The Akkadian Empire eventually also stretched across modern day Turkey, Iran, and Lebanon.
Tons of monarchs make an appearance on the Sumerian King List, but there’s only one lady named: Kubaba, or Kug-Bau.
Two of the oldest known literary works are the “Kesh Temple Hymn” and the “Instructions of Shuruppak,” both of which exist in written versions dating to around 2500 B.C.
The first, and largest, pyramid at Giza was built by the pharaoh Khufu (reign started around 2551 B.C.).
Sumeria was the first civilization, created the first writing system, and had the first monarch.
Cuneiform is a system of writing first developed by the ancient Sumerians of Mesopotamia c. 3500-3000 BCE.
Evidence indicates they were created to serve as potter’s wheels around 3500 B.C. in Mesopotamia—300 years before someone figured out to use them for chariots.
The Phoenicians and Egyptians sailed under cloth sails on single log and simple long narrow sailboats.
The oldest constructed roads discovered to date are in former Mesopotamia, now known as Iraq.
Uruk, however, is the only contender for the title of `oldest city’ which has physical evidence and written documentation, in the form of cuneiform texts, dating the activities of the community from the earliest period.
Beer is one of the oldest beverages humans have produced, dating back to at least the 5th millenium BC in Iran, and recorded in the written history of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia and was spread throughout world.
The sophisticated furnace and smelter featured earthen pipe-like air vents with hundreds of tiny holes in them and a chimney to ensure air goes into the furnace to feed the fire and smoke comes out away from the workers.
By about 5,000 BC, domesticated japonica is found throughout the Yangtse valley, including large amounts of rice kernels at such sites as TongZian Luojiajiao (7100 BP) and Hemuda (7000 BP).
The first bricks that we know about were being made in Jericho as long ago as 8000 BC. The people there had discovered they could make simple bricks by leaving clay mud to dry in the sun.