Composed in hexameters, about 60 lines of which were left unfinished at his death, the Aeneid incorporates the various legends of Aeneas and makes him the founder of Roman greatness.
The Achaemenid Persian empire was the largest that the ancient world had seen, extending from Anatolia and Egypt across western Asia to northern India and Central Asia.
Homer is the earliest poet in Western culture whose works have survived intact.
Originally a small town on the banks of the Tiber, Rome grew in size and strength, early on, through trade.
The Iron Age began when iron replaced bronze as the most popular metal used for weapons.
The Akkadian Empire eventually also stretched across modern day Turkey, Iran, and Lebanon.
Tons of monarchs make an appearance on the Sumerian King List, but there’s only one lady named: Kubaba, or Kug-Bau.
Two of the oldest known literary works are the “Kesh Temple Hymn” and the “Instructions of Shuruppak,” both of which exist in written versions dating to around 2500 B.C.
Sumeria was the first civilization, created the first writing system, and had the first monarch.
Cuneiform is a system of writing first developed by the ancient Sumerians of Mesopotamia c. 3500-3000 BCE.
Evidence indicates they were created to serve as potter’s wheels around 3500 B.C. in Mesopotamia—300 years before someone figured out to use them for chariots.
The oldest constructed roads discovered to date are in former Mesopotamia, now known as Iraq.
Uruk, however, is the only contender for the title of `oldest city’ which has physical evidence and written documentation, in the form of cuneiform texts, dating the activities of the community from the earliest period.
Beer is one of the oldest beverages humans have produced, dating back to at least the 5th millenium BC in Iran, and recorded in the written history of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia and was spread throughout world.
By about 5,000 BC, domesticated japonica is found throughout the Yangtse valley, including large amounts of rice kernels at such sites as TongZian Luojiajiao (7100 BP) and Hemuda (7000 BP).
The sophisticated furnace and smelter featured earthen pipe-like air vents with hundreds of tiny holes in them and a chimney to ensure air goes into the furnace to feed the fire and smoke comes out away from the workers.
Agriculture began independently in different parts of the globe, and included a diverse range of taxa. At least eleven separate regions of the Old and New World were involved as independent centers of origin.